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Open AccessReview

Active Commuting and Physical Fitness: A Systematic Review

1
CIPER, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, 1649-004 Lisbon and Portugal
2
ISAMB, Faculty of Medicine, University of Lisbon, 1649-004 Lisbon, Portugal
3
Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, 1649-004 Lisbon, Portugal
4
Health and Sport Sciences Center, State University of Santa Catarina, 3664-8600 Coqueiros - Florianopolis, Brazil
5
Department of Didactics of Music, Plastic and Body Expression, Teacher Training College, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2721; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082721
Received: 24 March 2020 / Revised: 12 April 2020 / Accepted: 12 April 2020 / Published: 15 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Active Commuting and Active Transportation)
Physical fitness (PF) is considered an excellent biomarker of health. One possible strategy to improve PF levels is active commuting. This review, performed accordingly to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews guidelines includes scientific articles published in peer-reviewed journals up to December 2019 that aim at examining the relationship between active travel/commuting and PF. The search was performed in three databases (PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science). Sixteen studies were included in this review. Findings from the 16 studies were unclear. From the eleven studies on children and adolescents screened, eight were cross-sectional, one prospective cohort, one quasi-experimental, and one experimental. From the five studies on adults, four were experimental and one cross-sectional. Body mass, waist circumference, skinfolds, fat mass, cardiorespiratory fitness, upper and lower strength tests were performed in children, adolescents, and adults. Agility and speed tests were performed only in the young age groups. Majority of the investigations on young ages and adults have shown positive effects or relationships between active commuting and several attributes of PF. However, to avoid misconceptions, there is a need for future robust investigation to identify potential mediators or confounders in this relationship. More robust investigations are essential to understand how and whether decision-makers and public health authorities can use active travel/commuting as a strategy to improve PF in all ages. View Full-Text
Keywords: active commuters; active travel; walking; cycling; physical fitness active commuters; active travel; walking; cycling; physical fitness
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Henriques-Neto, D.; Peralta, M.; Garradas, S.; Pelegrini, A.; Pinto, A.A.; Sánchez-Miguel, P.A.; Marques, A. Active Commuting and Physical Fitness: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2721.

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