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Determinants of Ageism against Older Adults: A Systematic Review

Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), CIS-IUL, 1649-026 Lisboa, Portugal
Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, KU Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
SOCIUM Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy, University of Bremen, 28359 Bremen, Germany
Department of Ageing and Work, Institute of Gerontology, University of Vechta, 49377 Vechta, Germany
Department of Neuroimaging, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King’s College London, London SE58AF, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2560;
Received: 14 February 2020 / Revised: 31 March 2020 / Accepted: 5 April 2020 / Published: 8 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ageism and Its Effects in Different Life Contexts)
Ageism is a widespread phenomenon and constitutes a significant threat to older people’s well-being. Identifying the factors contributing to ageism is critical to inform policies that minimise its societal impact. In this systematic review, we gathered and summarised empirical studies exploring the key determinants of ageism against older people for a period of over forty years (1970–2017). A comprehensive search using fourteen databases identified all published records related to the umbrella concept of “ageism”. Reviewers independently screened the final pool to identify all papers focusing on determinants, according to a predefined list of inclusion and exclusion criteria. All relevant information was extracted and summarised following a narrative synthesis approach. A total of 199 papers were included in this review. We identified a total of 14 determinants as robustly associated with ageism. Of these, 13 have an effect on other-directed ageism, and one on self-directed ageism. The quality of contact with older people and the positive or negative presentation of older people to others emerged as the most robust determinants of other-directed ageism; self-directed ageism is mostly determined by older adults’ health status. Given the correlational nature of most studies included in this review, inferences on causality should be made cautiously. View Full-Text
Keywords: ageism; determinants; systematic review ageism; determinants; systematic review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marques, S.; Mariano, J.; Mendonça, J.; De Tavernier, W.; Hess, M.; Naegele, L.; Peixeiro, F.; Martins, D. Determinants of Ageism against Older Adults: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2560.

AMA Style

Marques S, Mariano J, Mendonça J, De Tavernier W, Hess M, Naegele L, Peixeiro F, Martins D. Determinants of Ageism against Older Adults: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(7):2560.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marques, Sibila, João Mariano, Joana Mendonça, Wouter De Tavernier, Moritz Hess, Laura Naegele, Filomena Peixeiro, and Daniel Martins. 2020. "Determinants of Ageism against Older Adults: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 7: 2560.

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