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Article

High Particulate Matter Burden of Cigarettes from the United Arab Emirates and Germany: Are There Country-Specific Differences?

1
Institute of Occupational Medicine, Social Medicine and Environmental Medicine, Goethe University Frankfurt, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, D-60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
2
Medical Entomology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, B-2000 Antwerpen, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2415; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072415
Received: 9 March 2020 / Revised: 31 March 2020 / Accepted: 1 April 2020 / Published: 2 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
Although the big tobacco companies offer the same cigarette brands across countries, little is known about the potential regional differences of the particulate matter (PM) emissions of apparently equal brands. PM emissions of three cigarette brands (Marlboro Gold, Winston Red resp. Classic, Parliament Platinum resp. Night Blue) from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Germany were analysed. Second-hand smoke was produced in a 2.88 m3 measuring cabin by an automatic environmental tobacco smoke emitter. PM size fractions PM10, PM2.5, and PM1 were detected in real-time using laser aerosol spectrometry. Depending on the PM fraction Marlboro cigarettes from UAE showed 33%–35% higher PM amounts. Moreover, Winston cigarettes from UAE showed distinctly higher PM values (28–31%) than the German counterparts. The “lighter” Parliament from UAE emitted 3%–9% more PM than the German one. The measured mean PM10 values laid between 778 and 1163 µg/m3 (mean PM2.5: 777–1161 µg/m3; mean PM1: 724–1074 µg/m3). That means smoking in enclosed rooms causes massive PM burden. The PM emission of equal or similar tobacco products from different countries can differ distinctly. Hence, the declaration of PM emission values, besides nicotine, tar, and carbon monoxide amounts, should be obligatory worldwide. Furthermore, complete information about the ingredients and production processes of tobacco products should be provided to health officials and the public. This can help to minimise or ban substances or product designs that make smoking even more harmful, and to enhance the awareness of the risks of smoking. View Full-Text
Keywords: second-hand smoke; environmental tobacco smoke; indoor air pollution; tobacco control; tobacco products; declaration of tobacco ingredients second-hand smoke; environmental tobacco smoke; indoor air pollution; tobacco control; tobacco products; declaration of tobacco ingredients
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MDPI and ACS Style

Braun, M.; Al-Qaysi, R.; Klingelhöfer, D.; Müller, R.; Groneberg, D.A. High Particulate Matter Burden of Cigarettes from the United Arab Emirates and Germany: Are There Country-Specific Differences? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2415. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072415

AMA Style

Braun M, Al-Qaysi R, Klingelhöfer D, Müller R, Groneberg DA. High Particulate Matter Burden of Cigarettes from the United Arab Emirates and Germany: Are There Country-Specific Differences? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(7):2415. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072415

Chicago/Turabian Style

Braun, Markus, Rawya Al-Qaysi, Doris Klingelhöfer, Ruth Müller, and David A. Groneberg. 2020. "High Particulate Matter Burden of Cigarettes from the United Arab Emirates and Germany: Are There Country-Specific Differences?" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 7: 2415. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072415

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