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Open AccessArticle

A Sustainable Approach to the Metabolic Syndrome in Children and Its Economic Burden

1
Grupo Investigación GC09 Nutrigenomics, Metabolic Syndrome, Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba (IMIBIC), Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
2
Grupo Investigación GC12 Clinical and Epidemiological Research in Primary Care, Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba (IMIBIC), Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
3
Departamento de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Farmacología, Universidad de Córdoba, Campus de Menéndez Pidal, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
4
Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Bournemouth Hospital, Bournemouth BH7 7DW, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(6), 1891; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061891
Received: 21 February 2020 / Revised: 9 March 2020 / Accepted: 9 March 2020 / Published: 14 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Environment and Sustainable Development)
The prevalence of obesity continues to grow, resulting in metabolic syndrome and increasing economic burden for health systems. The objectives were to measure the ability of the NIM-MetS test, previously used in the adults, for the early and sustainable detection of the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) in children and adolescents. Moreover, to determine the economic burden of the children with MetS. Furthermore, finally, to use and implement the NIM-MetS test, via a self-created online software, as a new method to determine the risk of MetS in children. The method used was an observational study using different instruments (NIM-MetS test, International Diabetes Federation (IDF), or Cook) and measures (body mass index). Additionally, the economic burden was estimated via a research strategy in different databases, e.g., PubMed, to identify previous papers. The results (N = 265 children, age from 10–12) showed that 23.1% had obesity and 7.2% hypertension. The prevalence of MetS using the NIM-Mets was 5.7, and the cost of these children was approximate 618,253,99 euros. Finally, a model was obtained and later implemented in a web platform via simulation. The NIM-MetS obtained is a non-invasive method for the diagnosis of risk of MetS in children. View Full-Text
Keywords: Metabolic syndrome; pediatrics; sustainable health system Metabolic syndrome; pediatrics; sustainable health system
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Vaquero Alvarez, M.; Aparicio-Martinez, P.; Fonseca Pozo, F.J.; Valle Alonso, J.; Blancas Sánchez, I.M.; Romero-Saldaña, M. A Sustainable Approach to the Metabolic Syndrome in Children and Its Economic Burden. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1891.

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