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Open AccessArticle

Assessment of the Simultaneous Use of Biomaterials in Transalveolar Sinus Floor Elevation: Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial in Humans

1
Periodontics, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, Universidad de Zaragoza, C/Velódromo S/N, 22006 Huesca, Spain
2
Advanced Periodontics, School of Dentistry, Universidad de Sevilla, C/Avicena S/N, 41009 Sevilla, Spain
3
Department. of Sociosanitary Sciences Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Sevilla, Avda. Dr. Fedriani, S/N, 41009 Sevilla, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(6), 1888; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061888
Received: 26 February 2020 / Revised: 9 March 2020 / Accepted: 12 March 2020 / Published: 14 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modern Patient-Centered Dental Care)
Implants inserted in the posterior maxilla frequently need additional surgery for successful bone augmentation. One of the most common procedures for this is transalveolar sinus floor elevation. There are different protocols for this procedure, and there is controversy over the simultaneous application of grafting material upon elevating. In this prospective randomized clinical study in humans, a total of 49 transalveolar sinus floor elevations were performed in 49 different patients, divided into a control group (without graft, 25 patients) and a test group (with graft, 24 patients). The analyzed variables were obtained through digital orthopantomography on day 0 (day of surgery) and 18 months after surgery. These measurements showed a tendency towards greater vertical bone gain in the test group, but this was not statistically significant. Therefore, considering that sinus elevation and implant placement without the application of grafts is a successful treatment with fewer complications, a critical assessment of the need for these biomaterials is necessary. View Full-Text
Keywords: osteotome; transalveolar sinus floor elevation; bone grafting osteotome; transalveolar sinus floor elevation; bone grafting
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Maximiano Millán, A.; Bravo Álvarez, R.; Plana Montori, M.; Guerrero González, M.; Saura García-Martín, D.; Ríos-Carrasco, B.; Monticelli, F.; Ríos-Santos, J.V.; Fernández-Palacín, A. Assessment of the Simultaneous Use of Biomaterials in Transalveolar Sinus Floor Elevation: Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial in Humans. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1888.

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