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Article

Exploring Mediation Roles of Child Screen-Viewing between Parental Factors and Child Overweight in Taiwan

1
Department of Early Childhood and Family Education, College of Education, National Taipei University of Education, Taipei 10671, Taiwan
2
Department of Pediatrics, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan
3
Department of Public Health, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan
4
Department of Social Work, College of Nursing and Professional Disciplines, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58202, USA
5
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(6), 1878; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061878
Received: 5 February 2020 / Revised: 6 March 2020 / Accepted: 11 March 2020 / Published: 13 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Obesity Prevention and Intervention in Children and Adolescents)
Children’s screen-viewing behavior is influenced by parents’ own screen-viewing hours and the parental rules set for screen-viewing time. However, whether childhood obesity is associated with these three factors has not been widely investigated in Chinese populations. We examined the relationships between parental rules, parental screen-viewing, child screen-viewing and child overweight. Questionnaires were distributed to 1300 parents who had children studying in two elementary schools in an eastern Taiwanese City (Yi-Lan). We collected the data (the final response rate was 77.7%) on children’s health states, the length of screen-viewing time, and whether parental rules of screen-viewing time have been set (n = 1005). Models using structural equation modeling, with controlling of age, gender, and physical activity of the participants, were carried out, to examine the mediated effect of child screen-viewing. The results of model testing showed that child screen-viewing could be a mediator in the associations between parental rule and child overweight (parental rule: coefficient = −0.18, p < 0.001); and between parent screen-viewing and child overweight (parent screen-viewing: coefficient = 0.072, p < 0.001). These findings suggested that parental factors (rules and little screen viewing time) effectively decreased the level of children’s screen-viewing time, and the child screen-viewing time could mediate the association between parental factors and child overweight in the Chinese population. View Full-Text
Keywords: child; obesity; parent behavior; parental rule; screen-viewing child; obesity; parent behavior; parental rule; screen-viewing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, Y.-C.; Tsai, M.-C.; Strong, C.; Hsieh, Y.-P.; Lin, C.-Y.; Lee, C.S.C. Exploring Mediation Roles of Child Screen-Viewing between Parental Factors and Child Overweight in Taiwan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1878. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061878

AMA Style

Lin Y-C, Tsai M-C, Strong C, Hsieh Y-P, Lin C-Y, Lee CSC. Exploring Mediation Roles of Child Screen-Viewing between Parental Factors and Child Overweight in Taiwan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(6):1878. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061878

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lin, Yi-Ching; Tsai, Meng-Che; Strong, Carol; Hsieh, Yi-Ping; Lin, Chung-Ying; Lee, Clara S.C. 2020. "Exploring Mediation Roles of Child Screen-Viewing between Parental Factors and Child Overweight in Taiwan" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 6: 1878. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061878

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