Next Article in Journal
Index Properties, Hydraulic Conductivity and Contaminant-Compatibility of CMC-Treated Sodium Activated Calcium Bentonite
Previous Article in Journal
Sense of Coherence in Nurses: A Systematic Review
Article

Cancer Mortality and Deprivation in the Proximity of Polluting Industrial Facilities in an Industrial Region of Spain

1
Department of Economics and Business, University of Sassari, Via Muroni 25, 07100 Sassari, Italy
2
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Jerez University Hospital, Ronda de Circunvalación s/n, 11407 Jerez de la Frontera, Spain
3
Cancer and Environmental Epidemiology Unit, National Center for Epidemiology, Carlos III Institute of Health, Avenida Monforte de Lemos 5, 28029 Madrid, Spain
4
Center for Biomedical Research in Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública-CIBERESP), 28029 Madrid, Spain
5
Consejería de Salud de la Junta de Andalucía, Cádiz, Avenida María Auxiliadora 2, 11009 Cádiz, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(6), 1860; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061860
Received: 27 January 2020 / Revised: 7 March 2020 / Accepted: 9 March 2020 / Published: 13 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
Residential proximity to industrial facilities that release pollutants is a source of exposure to a high number of toxics, many of them known or suspected carcinogens. The objective of the study was to analyze the association between lung, larynx, bladder, and kidney cancer mortality and deprivation in areas proximate to polluting industrial facilities in Cadiz, a highly industrialized province in Spain. An ecological study at census tract level was carried out to estimate the mortality rates associated with deprivation and proximity to polluting industrial facilities (1–5 km) using the Besag–York–Mollié model. The results show a negative social gradient for lung and larynx cancers in males and greater risk of lung cancer was observed in the least deprived areas in females. These associations were found regardless the distance to industrial facilities. Increasing excess risk (relative risk; 95% credibility interval) of lung cancer for males (1.09; 1.02–1.16 at 5 km vs 1.24; 1.08–1.41 at 1 km) and bladder cancer for males (1.11; 1.01–1.22 at 5 km vs 1.32; 1.08–1.60 at 1 km) and females (1.32; 1.04–1.69 at 4 km vs 1.91; 1.28–2.86 at 1 km) was found as proximity to polluting industrial facilities increased. For kidney cancer, high risks were observed near such facilities for both sexes. Knowing the possible influence of industrial pollution and social inequalities over cancer risk allows the definition of policies aimed at reducing the risk. View Full-Text
Keywords: cancer mortality; health inequalities; industrial pollution cancer mortality; health inequalities; industrial pollution
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Santos-Sánchez, V.; Córdoba-Doña, J.A.; García-Pérez, J.; Escolar-Pujolar, A.; Pozzi, L.; Ramis, R. Cancer Mortality and Deprivation in the Proximity of Polluting Industrial Facilities in an Industrial Region of Spain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1860. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061860

AMA Style

Santos-Sánchez V, Córdoba-Doña JA, García-Pérez J, Escolar-Pujolar A, Pozzi L, Ramis R. Cancer Mortality and Deprivation in the Proximity of Polluting Industrial Facilities in an Industrial Region of Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(6):1860. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061860

Chicago/Turabian Style

Santos-Sánchez, Vanessa, Juan A. Córdoba-Doña, Javier García-Pérez, Antonio Escolar-Pujolar, Lucia Pozzi, and Rebeca Ramis. 2020. "Cancer Mortality and Deprivation in the Proximity of Polluting Industrial Facilities in an Industrial Region of Spain" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 6: 1860. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061860

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop