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Article

Daylight Saving Time Transitions: Impact on Total Mortality

1
Department of Environmental Health, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Kinderspitalgasse 15, 1090 Vienna, Austria
2
Nukus Branch of Tashkent Pediatric Medical Institute, Department of Hygiene, Nukus 230100, Uzbekistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(5), 1611; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051611
Received: 7 February 2020 / Revised: 28 February 2020 / Accepted: 29 February 2020 / Published: 2 March 2020
In Europe and many countries worldwide, a half-yearly changing time scheme has been adopted with the aim of optimizing the use of natural daylight during working hours and saving energy. Because the expected net economic benefit was not achieved, the discussion about the optimal solution has been reopened with a shifted focus on social and health related consequences. We set out to produce evidence for this discussion and analysed the impact of daylight saving time on total mortality of a general population in a time series study on daily total mortality for the years 1970–2018 in the city of Vienna, Austria. Daily deaths were modelled by Poisson regression controlling for seasonal and long-term trend, same-day and 14-day average temperature, humidity, and day of week. During the week after the spring transition a significant increase in daily total mortality of about 3% per day was observed. This was not the case during the week after the fall transition. The increase in daily mortality as observed in the week after spring DST-transition is most likely causally linked to the change in time scheme. View Full-Text
Keywords: daylight saving time; morning sunlight; total mortality; time series study daylight saving time; morning sunlight; total mortality; time series study
MDPI and ACS Style

Poteser, M.; Moshammer, H. Daylight Saving Time Transitions: Impact on Total Mortality. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1611. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051611

AMA Style

Poteser M, Moshammer H. Daylight Saving Time Transitions: Impact on Total Mortality. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(5):1611. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051611

Chicago/Turabian Style

Poteser, Michael, and Hanns Moshammer. 2020. "Daylight Saving Time Transitions: Impact on Total Mortality" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 5: 1611. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051611

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