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Review

A Review of Published Literature Regarding Health Issues of Coastal Communities in Sabah, Malaysia

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Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Built Environment, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Centre for Sustainable Urban Planning & Real Estate (SUPRE), Faculty of Built Environment, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Department of Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 56100, Malaysia
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Institute of Biological Science, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Department of Primary Care Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Centre for Population Health (CePH), Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(5), 1533; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051533
Received: 5 November 2019 / Revised: 13 January 2020 / Accepted: 14 January 2020 / Published: 27 February 2020
Several of the coastal zones in Sabah, Malaysia, are isolated and inaccessible. This study aimed to review the published literature on the health status of the coastal communities in Sabah. The following four main health issues were found: (i) malaria, (ii) tuberculosis (TB), (iii) seafood poisoning, and (iv) antenatal problems. Factors associated with the risk of acquiring malarial infection in the studied coastal area were advanced age, male sex, farming as an occupation, history of travel outside the village, and rainy seasons. TB infection was primarily observed in adult men. Seafood poisoning was significantly common in Sabah. Studies have reported that tetrodotoxin and paralytic shellfish poisoning were commonly reported (30–60 cases annually). Several pregnant women in the coastal community had insufficient knowledge of the national antenatal care programme. Nonetheless, 99% of them received antenatal care at public healthcare facilities with 92% of them undergoing safe delivery. Nevertheless, a majority of the pregnant women had iodine deficiency due to low iodised salt intake. Findings from this review highlighted that the coastal communities in Sabah are experiencing significant health problems. Specific attention is required to significantly enhance the health and well-being of the individuals living in the coastal communities in Sabah. View Full-Text
Keywords: health status; coastal; Sabah health status; coastal; Sabah
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MDPI and ACS Style

Azzeri, A.; Ching, G.H.; Jaafar, H.; Mohd Noor, M.I.; Razi, N.A.; Then, A.Y.-H.; Suhaimi, J.; Kari, F.; Dahlui, M. A Review of Published Literature Regarding Health Issues of Coastal Communities in Sabah, Malaysia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1533. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051533

AMA Style

Azzeri A, Ching GH, Jaafar H, Mohd Noor MI, Razi NA, Then AY-H, Suhaimi J, Kari F, Dahlui M. A Review of Published Literature Regarding Health Issues of Coastal Communities in Sabah, Malaysia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(5):1533. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051533

Chicago/Turabian Style

Azzeri, Amirah, Goh H. Ching, Hafiz Jaafar, Mohd I. Mohd Noor, Nurain A. Razi, Amy Y.-H. Then, Julia Suhaimi, Fatimah Kari, and Maznah Dahlui. 2020. "A Review of Published Literature Regarding Health Issues of Coastal Communities in Sabah, Malaysia" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 5: 1533. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051533

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