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Article

Workplace Bullying and Suicidal Ideation: Findings from an Australian Longitudinal Cohort Study of Mid-Aged Workers

1
National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Research School of Population Health, The Australia National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
2
Centre for Mental Health, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia
3
Centre for Mental Health Research, Research School of Population Health, The Australia National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
4
School of Psychology, Faculty of Science, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
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Neuroscience Research Australia (NeuRA), Sydney, NSW 2031, Australia
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Black Dog Institute, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
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Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia
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Centre for Research on Ageing, Health & Wellbeing, Research School of Population Health, The Australia National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(4), 1448; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041448
Received: 4 February 2020 / Revised: 14 February 2020 / Accepted: 18 February 2020 / Published: 24 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Mental Health)
Workplace bullying adversely affects mental health, yet little is known about the outcomes for suicidal ideation. The current study used Australian population-based data to investigate the association between workplace bullying and suicidal ideation. The sample included 1488 employed participants aged 52–58 from wave 4 of the Personality and Total Health (PATH) Through Life Study. Workplace bullying was measured in two ways: (a) a single item asked about experiences of bullying ‘currently’, ‘previously in the current workplace’ and ‘in a past workplace’, and (b) 15 items asked about bullying behaviours experienced in the past 6 months. Suicidal ideation was measured using items from the Psychiatric Symptom Frequency Scale (PSF) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Psychosocial job quality, both current and prior, was adjusted for. Current and past experiences of workplace bullying were associated with increased risk of suicidal ideation. Current experiences were no longer associated after adjusting for concurrent indicators of psychosocial job stress, although a tendency for increased ideation remained. Reported prior experience of workplace bullying in a past workplace remained associated with higher odds of suicidal ideation after adjusting for prior psychosocial job stressors and excluding individuals with prior suicidal ideation. Being bullied at work is associated with increased risk of suicidal thoughts, although this occurs within the broader influence of other psychologically stressful employment conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: workplace bullying; mobbing; suicide; suicidal ideation workplace bullying; mobbing; suicide; suicidal ideation
MDPI and ACS Style

Leach, L.S.; Too, L.S.; Batterham, P.J.; Kiely, K.M.; Christensen, H.; Butterworth, P. Workplace Bullying and Suicidal Ideation: Findings from an Australian Longitudinal Cohort Study of Mid-Aged Workers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1448. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041448

AMA Style

Leach LS, Too LS, Batterham PJ, Kiely KM, Christensen H, Butterworth P. Workplace Bullying and Suicidal Ideation: Findings from an Australian Longitudinal Cohort Study of Mid-Aged Workers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(4):1448. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041448

Chicago/Turabian Style

Leach, Liana S., Lay S. Too, Philip J. Batterham, Kim M. Kiely, Helen Christensen, and Peter Butterworth. 2020. "Workplace Bullying and Suicidal Ideation: Findings from an Australian Longitudinal Cohort Study of Mid-Aged Workers" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 4: 1448. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041448

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