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Has Rural-Urban Migration Promoted the Health of Chinese Migrant Workers?

by Cuihong Long 1, Jiajun Han 1 and Yong Liu 2,*
1
School of Economics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
2
School of Economics, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(4), 1218; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041218
Received: 29 January 2020 / Revised: 9 February 2020 / Accepted: 10 February 2020 / Published: 13 February 2020
The relationship between health and migration has always been an important theme in immigration research. This research develops a new approach to test the healthy migrant hypothesis and the salmon bias hypothesis in China by examining an interaction term combining agricultural hukou and migrant status, non-agricultural employment history, and subsequent area of residence. Based on two Chinese micro-databases, CGSS 2015 and Harmonized CHARLS, we conducted an empirical test on the relationship between migration and health. Our empirical evidence suggests that the initial health advantage among Chinese rural migrant workers was largely due to self-selection rather than migration effects. After controlling for demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, this advantage disappeared. After their health deteriorated, migrant workers returned to their original location. This could exacerbate the contradiction between the allocation of medical resources and the demand in rural and urban China, further intensifying the already widening health status gap between rural and urban residents. View Full-Text
Keywords: migration; health; urbanization; China migration; health; urbanization; China
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Long, C.; Han, J.; Liu, Y. Has Rural-Urban Migration Promoted the Health of Chinese Migrant Workers? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1218.

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