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Use of Medications by Breastfeeding Women in the 2015 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study
Open AccessArticle

Medication Use among Pregnant Women from the 2015 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study

1
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Social Medicine & Post-Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Rua Marechal Deodoro, 1160, Pelotas CEP 96020-220, RS, Brazil
2
Post-Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Rua Marechal Deodoro, 1160, Pelotas CEP 96020-220, RS, Brazil
3
Institute of Biology, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology & Post-Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Rua Marechal Deodoro, 1160, Pelotas CEP 96020-220, RS, Brazil
4
Post-Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Porto Alegre, Av. Ipiranga, 2752, Sala 203, Porto Alegre CEP 90610-000, RS, Brazil
5
Post Graduate Program in Physical Education & Post-Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Rua Marechal Deodoro, 1160, Pelotas CEP 96020-220, RS, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 989; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030989
Received: 10 December 2019 / Revised: 26 January 2020 / Accepted: 29 January 2020 / Published: 5 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Population-Based Birth Cohort Studies in Epidemiology)
Background: Medication use during pregnancy is a common practice that has been increasing in recent years. The aim of this study is to describe medication use among pregnant women from the 2015 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study. Methods: This paper relies on a population-based cohort study including 4270 women. Participants completed a questionnaire about the antenatal period, including information about medication use. We performed descriptive analyses of the sample and the medications used and adjusted analyses for the use of medications and self-medication. Results: The prevalence of medication use was 92.5% (95% CI 91.7–93.3), excluding iron salts, folic acid, vitamins, and other minerals. The prevalence of self-medication was 27.7% (95% CI 26.3–29.1). In the adjusted analysis, women who had three or more health problems during pregnancy demonstrated higher use of medicines. Self-medication was higher in lower income groups and among smokers and multiparous women (three pregnancies or more). Acetaminophen, scopolamine, and dimenhydrinate were the medications most commonly used. Conclusions: This study describes the pattern of drug use among pregnant women in a population-based cohort study, with a high prevalence of self-medication. Greater awareness of the risks of self-medication during pregnancy is required, focusing on groups more prone to this practice, as well as ensuring qualified multidisciplinary prenatal care. View Full-Text
Keywords: drug use; drug utilization; pharmaceutical preparations; self-medication; pharmacoepidemiology; pregnancy; cohort studies drug use; drug utilization; pharmaceutical preparations; self-medication; pharmacoepidemiology; pregnancy; cohort studies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lutz, B.H.; Miranda, V.I.A.; Silveira, M.P.T.; Dal Pizzol, T.d.S.; Mengue, S.S.; da Silveira, M.F.; Domingues, M.R.; Bertoldi, A.D. Medication Use among Pregnant Women from the 2015 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 989. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030989

AMA Style

Lutz BH, Miranda VIA, Silveira MPT, Dal Pizzol TdS, Mengue SS, da Silveira MF, Domingues MR, Bertoldi AD. Medication Use among Pregnant Women from the 2015 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(3):989. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030989

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lutz, Bárbara H.; Miranda, Vanessa I.A.; Silveira, Marysabel P.T.; Dal Pizzol, Tatiane d.S.; Mengue, Sotero S.; da Silveira, Mariângela F.; Domingues, Marlos R.; Bertoldi, Andréa D. 2020. "Medication Use among Pregnant Women from the 2015 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 3: 989. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030989

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