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Decreasing the Impact of Anxiety on Cancer Prevention through Online Intervention

Department of Epidemiology, School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, 40-055 Katowice, Poland
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 985; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030985
Received: 23 December 2019 / Revised: 29 January 2020 / Accepted: 3 February 2020 / Published: 5 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Background: Low levels of public knowledge, incorrect beliefs, and anxiety are the most often mentioned factors that may negatively affect the implementation of preventive campaigns and timely diagnosis of cancer. Cancer is a major unresolved problem for global public health. As a result, many effective preventive measures need to be found and implemented. Methods: For a duration of 18 months, readers of the Polish scientific Internet portal were invited to participate in the Polish On-line Randomized Intervention aimed at Neoplasm Avoidance (PORINA) study. Level of cancer-related anxiety was our main measure (self-declared on a simple five-point Likert scale) in this analysis. Results: A total of 463 participants were qualified for the final analysis. Respondents with a positive family history of cancer (p < 0.001) declared the highest level of cancer-related anxiety, whereas lower levels were declared by those previously treated for cancer (p = 0.006). The conducted educational intervention reduced the declared level of cancer-related anxiety. Conclusions: The results of this study provide evidence that the use of web-based interventions aimed at increasing awareness could reduce cancer-related anxiety and may lead to more frequent consent to undergo some of the medical procedures used to diagnose or treat cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: anxiety; cancer; prevention; online; intervention anxiety; cancer; prevention; online; intervention
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    Doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3592011
    Description: Table S1. Differences in level of anxiety associated with selected diseases - baseline and final assessment in intervention and control groups.
MDPI and ACS Style

Gajda, M.; Kowalska, M. Decreasing the Impact of Anxiety on Cancer Prevention through Online Intervention. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 985.

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