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Article

Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Public Places and Support for Smoke-Free Laws in Japan: Findings from the 2018 ITC Japan Survey

1
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W., Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
2
Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, 661 University Ave Suite 510, Toronto, ON M5G 0A3, Canada
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School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W., Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
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Japan Cancer Society, 13th Floor, Yurakucho Center Bldg. 2-5-1, Yurakucho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-0006, Japan
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Division of Tobacco Policy Research, National Cancer Center Japan, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan
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Cancer Control Center, Osaka International Cancer Institute, Chome-1-69 Otemae, Chuo Ward, Osaka 541-8567, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 979; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030979
Received: 9 December 2019 / Revised: 15 January 2020 / Accepted: 1 February 2020 / Published: 4 February 2020
Comprehensive smoke-free policies such as those called for by the WHO FCTC are the only way to protect the public effectively from the harms of secondhand smoke (SHS), yet Japan has been slow to implement this important health measure. This study examines baseline levels of smoking and SHS exposure in public places and support for smoking bans in Japan prior to the implementation of the 2018 national smoke-free law. Data are from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Japan Wave 1 Survey (Feb–Mar 2018), a web survey of adult cigarette smokers, heated tobacco product users, dual users, and non-users (total N = 4684). Measures included prevalence of smoking (whether respondents noticed people smoking inside restaurants and bars at their last visit, and workplaces in the last month), and support for complete smoking bans in these venues. Smoking prevalence in each venue was high overall in 2018 (49% of workplaces, 55% of restaurants, and 83% of bars), even higher than in China, the country with the greatest toll of SHS. Support for complete smoking bans was very high overall (81% for workplaces, 78% for restaurants, and 65% for bars). Non-users were less likely to be exposed to SHS and had higher support for smoking bans than tobacco users. These findings point to the ineffectiveness of partial smoke-free laws in Japan and reinforce the call for comprehensive smoke-free laws, which even smokers would support at higher levels than in many other ITC countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: Japan; smoke-free laws; tobacco control policies; smoking; support Japan; smoke-free laws; tobacco control policies; smoking; support
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sansone, G.; Fong, G.T.; Meng, G.; Craig, L.V.; Xu, S.S.; Quah, A.C.K.; Ouimet, J.; Mochizuki, Y.; Yoshimi, I.; Tabuchi, T. Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Public Places and Support for Smoke-Free Laws in Japan: Findings from the 2018 ITC Japan Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 979. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030979

AMA Style

Sansone G, Fong GT, Meng G, Craig LV, Xu SS, Quah ACK, Ouimet J, Mochizuki Y, Yoshimi I, Tabuchi T. Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Public Places and Support for Smoke-Free Laws in Japan: Findings from the 2018 ITC Japan Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(3):979. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030979

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sansone, Genevieve, Geoffrey T. Fong, Gang Meng, Lorraine V. Craig, Steve S. Xu, Anne C.K. Quah, Janine Ouimet, Yumiko Mochizuki, Itsuro Yoshimi, and Takahiro Tabuchi. 2020. "Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Public Places and Support for Smoke-Free Laws in Japan: Findings from the 2018 ITC Japan Survey" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 3: 979. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030979

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