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Open AccessArticle

Occurrence of Diarrhea and Feeding Practices among Children below Two Years of Age in Southwestern Saudi Arabia

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Department of Child Health, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha 61421, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Family and Community Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha 61421, Saudi Arabia
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College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha 61421, Saudi Arabia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 722; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030722
Received: 28 December 2019 / Revised: 16 January 2020 / Accepted: 20 January 2020 / Published: 22 January 2020
Growing evidence suggests that feeding practices in early childhood play a major role in the occurrence of childhood diarrhea. However, there is a lack of information regarding feeding practices and its relationship with occurrences of diarrhea in young children from Saudi Arabia. The present study is aimed to measure the prevalence of diarrhea and assess its relationship with feeding practices among children between two months and two years of age in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study was carried out in two large cities in the Aseer region in southwest Saudi Arabia. A total of 302 mothers attending well-baby clinics across six primary health centers were included. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Factors associated with diarrheal disease were identified by multivariable logistic regression analysis. The prevalence of diarrhea among children during the study period was 56.3% (95% CI: 50.7%–61.8%). Only 15.9% of children in our study were exclusively breastfed. The occurrence of diarrhea was significantly associated with age 7–12 months (aOR = 2.64, 95% CI: 1.42–4.91). We found that diarrhea was prevalent among children between two months and two years of age, and that exclusive breastfeeding was not a common practice in this region. Health education programs should be directed towards mothers to improve rates of breastfeeding, weaning practices, food hygiene, and childcare. Special attention and support should be provided for working mothers. View Full-Text
Keywords: feeding practices; diarrhea; children of two years of age; Aseer region feeding practices; diarrhea; children of two years of age; Aseer region
MDPI and ACS Style

Shati, A.A.; Khalil, S.N.; Asiri, K.A.; Alshehri, A.A.; Deajim, Y.A.; Al-Amer, M.S.; Alshehri, H.J.; Alshehri, A.A.; Alqahtani, F.S. Occurrence of Diarrhea and Feeding Practices among Children below Two Years of Age in Southwestern Saudi Arabia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 722.

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