Next Article in Journal
Genetic Diversity and Phylogenetic Analysis of Human Bocavirus 2 in Pediatric Patients with Acute Gastroenteritis in Taiwan
Previous Article in Journal
Environmental and Health Effects of Ventilation in Subway Stations: A Literature Review
Article

A Self-Reflection Program for Smoking Cessation in Adolescents: A Phenomenological Study

by 1,*, 2 and 1
1
Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, 84 Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-Gu, Seoul 156-756, Korea
2
Sehan University, 1113 Samho-eup, Jeollanam-do, Yeongam-gun 58447, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 1085; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17031085
Received: 23 December 2019 / Revised: 4 February 2020 / Accepted: 7 February 2020 / Published: 8 February 2020
The study aimed to understand the experiences of adolescent smokers who participated in a self-reflection program for smoking cessation and to develop the theoretical basis for constructing similar programs. The program is unique from other smoking cessation programs in that it seeks to be creative and allow participants to establish an individualized vision for themselves. The participants, ten students from middle and high schools located in cities A and S, were interviewed right after the program ended. Data were collected from August to December 2019 and analyzed using a phenomenological approach to understand participant experiences in depth. The analysis revealed five major themes: ‘Uniqueness of the Program,’ ‘Perception of Smoking Cessation,’ ‘Positive Reflection on Life,’ ‘Understanding Others,’ and ‘A Search for Hope and Vision in Life.’ The findings revealed that their smoking behaviors were changed through self-reflection and enhancement of self-efficacy and that the program facilitated the formation of identity and vision for the future, which may indirectly strengthen the motivation for adolescent smokers to quit smoking. These findings suggest the need for a smoking cessation program that enhances self-concept and self-esteem. Moreover, it highlights the importance of follow-up research to ensure effectiveness and the need to develop programs with creative content. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-reflection; adolescent; smoking cessation program self-reflection; adolescent; smoking cessation program
MDPI and ACS Style

Sim, I.; Hwang, E.; Sin, B. A Self-Reflection Program for Smoking Cessation in Adolescents: A Phenomenological Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1085. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17031085

AMA Style

Sim I, Hwang E, Sin B. A Self-Reflection Program for Smoking Cessation in Adolescents: A Phenomenological Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(3):1085. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17031085

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sim, Inok, Eunjeong Hwang, and Bora Sin. 2020. "A Self-Reflection Program for Smoking Cessation in Adolescents: A Phenomenological Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 3: 1085. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17031085

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop