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Commentary

Drink Driving as the Commonest Drug Driving—A Perspective from Europe

Centre for Transport Studies, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9521; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249521
Received: 12 November 2020 / Revised: 11 December 2020 / Accepted: 13 December 2020 / Published: 18 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Driving Behaviors and Road Safety)
People mixing driving motor vehicles with consuming alcohol increases deaths and injuries on the roads, as was established irrefutably in the mid-1960s. This commentary discusses how society across Europe has responded since then to this burden by managing drink driving in the interests of road safety. The principal response has been to set, communicate and enforce limits on the level of alcohol in the blood above which it is illegal to drive and to deal in various ways with drivers found to be exceeding the limits. Achieving reduction in drink-related road deaths has benefitted public health, though the aim to change behaviour of drinking drivers has been a challenge to the profession. Other achievements have included changes in public attitude to drink driving, and reduction in reoffending by convicted offenders through rehabilitation courses and use of the alcohol interlock, which prevents starting of a vehicle by a driver who has drunk too much. There is scope for improved recording of road deaths identified as drink-related, greater understanding of effectiveness in enforcement of the legal limit and improved availability of the alcohol interlock. Relevance of experience with drink driving to management of other drug driving and prospects for building on the achievements so far are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: drink-driving; social acceptability; blood alcohol concentration (BAC); risk of collision; legal BAC limit; enforcement; penalties; rehabilitation; alcohol interlock; drug driving drink-driving; social acceptability; blood alcohol concentration (BAC); risk of collision; legal BAC limit; enforcement; penalties; rehabilitation; alcohol interlock; drug driving
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MDPI and ACS Style

Allsop, R. Drink Driving as the Commonest Drug Driving—A Perspective from Europe. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9521. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249521

AMA Style

Allsop R. Drink Driving as the Commonest Drug Driving—A Perspective from Europe. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9521. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249521

Chicago/Turabian Style

Allsop, Richard. 2020. "Drink Driving as the Commonest Drug Driving—A Perspective from Europe" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 24: 9521. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249521

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