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Determinants of Multidimensional and Physical Frailty and Their Individual Components: Interactions between Frailty Deficits
Article

Correlation between Sleep Quality and Frailty Status among Middle-Aged and Older Taiwanese People: A Community-Based, Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Family Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Branch, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan
2
Department of Athletic Training and Health, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan
3
Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9457; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249457
Received: 30 November 2020 / Revised: 14 December 2020 / Accepted: 15 December 2020 / Published: 17 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Prevention and Management of Frailty)
Poor sleep quality and frailty are common problems among aged people. However, the association between sleep quality and frailty in middle-aged and older people is seldom discussed in Asia, especially in Taiwan. This study investigated this association hopefully to provide pertinent knowledge for the prevention of frailty. We conducted a cross-sectional study and enrolled 828 subjects, 237 male and 591 female, aged 50–85 years old, from a community in Northern Taiwan. Poor sleep quality was defined as the Chinese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (CPSQI) > 5. Prefrailty and frailty were defined as fulfillment of one or two and three, respectively, of five phenotypic criteria: exhaustion, weakness, slowness, weight loss, and low physical activity. Our univariate analysis showed that the incidence of prefrailty/frailty in the group of poor sleep quality was higher than that in the group of CPSQI ≤ 5 (p < 0.001). Further multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that poor sleep quality was an independent factor for prefrailty and frailty status (odds ratio = 1.95, 95% confidence interval = 1.38–2.77), after adjustment for confounding factors. We concluded that poor sleep quality is independently associated with prefrailty and frailty status in our study population. View Full-Text
Keywords: frailty; community-based; sleep quality; middle-aged and older adults frailty; community-based; sleep quality; middle-aged and older adults
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shih, A.-C.; Chen, L.-H.; Tsai, C.-C.; Chen, J.-Y. Correlation between Sleep Quality and Frailty Status among Middle-Aged and Older Taiwanese People: A Community-Based, Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9457. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249457

AMA Style

Shih A-C, Chen L-H, Tsai C-C, Chen J-Y. Correlation between Sleep Quality and Frailty Status among Middle-Aged and Older Taiwanese People: A Community-Based, Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9457. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249457

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shih, An-Chen, Lee-Hwa Chen, Chin-Chueh Tsai, and Jau-Yuan Chen. 2020. "Correlation between Sleep Quality and Frailty Status among Middle-Aged and Older Taiwanese People: A Community-Based, Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 24: 9457. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249457

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