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Open AccessArticle

Theory of Mind in ADHD. A Proposal to Improve Working Memory through the Stimulation of the Theory of Mind

1
Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Malaga, 29071 Malaga, Spain
2
Neuropsipe, Child and Adolescent Neuroscience Center, 29010 Malaga, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9286; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249286
Received: 28 October 2020 / Revised: 7 December 2020 / Accepted: 8 December 2020 / Published: 11 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Child and Adolescent Health Care)
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between Theory of Mind (ToM), Working Memory (WM), and Verbal Comprehension (VC). Performance of these variables was evaluated in 44 elementary students (6–12 years) diagnosed with ADHD. Their performance in all variables was collected through the Neuropsychological Battery (NEPSY-II) and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children IV. The results showed that fifty percent of the participants were below the 25th percentile in ToM and that this low performance was not related to age. In addition, analyses showed statistically significant relationships between WM, VC, and ToM. Analysis of the effect of WM and VC on ToM showed that only WM explained the variance in participant performance in ToM. These results led us to raise the need to include ToM among the skills to be stimulated in programs for the treatment of ADHD, accompanying other skills related to social adaptation that are usually included in such programs. Likewise, considering that ToM implies putting into practice skills such as considering different points of view, attending to relevant aspects of the context, making decisions, inferring mental states, and predicting behaviors, we believe that through the stimulation of ToM, WM would also be stimulated. View Full-Text
Keywords: ToM; WM; VC; ADHD; primary education ToM; WM; VC; ADHD; primary education
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lavigne, R.; González-Cuenca, A.; Romero-González, M.; Sánchez, M. Theory of Mind in ADHD. A Proposal to Improve Working Memory through the Stimulation of the Theory of Mind. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9286. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249286

AMA Style

Lavigne R, González-Cuenca A, Romero-González M, Sánchez M. Theory of Mind in ADHD. A Proposal to Improve Working Memory through the Stimulation of the Theory of Mind. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9286. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249286

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lavigne, Rocío; González-Cuenca, Antonia; Romero-González, Marta; Sánchez, Marta. 2020. "Theory of Mind in ADHD. A Proposal to Improve Working Memory through the Stimulation of the Theory of Mind" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 24: 9286. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249286

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