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Article

Women’s Barriers to Weight Loss, Perception of Future Diabetes Risk and Opinions of Diet Strategies Following Gestational Diabetes: An Online Survey

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UniSA: Clinical and Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
2
Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition and Activity (ARENA), University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
3
School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, D04 V1W8 Dublin, Ireland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9180; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249180
Received: 4 November 2020 / Revised: 3 December 2020 / Accepted: 4 December 2020 / Published: 8 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Women's Health)
Weight loss after gestational diabetes (GDM) reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM); however, weight loss remains challenging in this population. In order to explore perceptions of T2DM risk, barriers to weight loss, and views of diet strategies in women with previous GDM, a cross-sectional online survey of n = 429 women in Australia aged ≥18 years with previous GDM was conducted. Opinions of intermittent energy restriction (IER) were of interest. Seventy-five percent of responders (n = 322) had overweight or obesity, and 34% (n = 144) believed they had a high risk of developing T2DM. Within the Theoretical Domains Framework, barriers to weight loss were prominently related to Environmental Context and Resources, Beliefs about Capabilities, and Behavioural Regulation. Exercising was the most tried method of weight loss over other diet strategies (71%, n = 234) and weight loss support by a dietician was appealing as individual appointments (65%, n = 242) or an online program (54%, n = 200). Most women (73%, n = 284) had heard of IER (the “5:2 diet”), but only 12% (n = 34) had tried it. Open comments (n = 100) revealed mixed views of IER. Women in Australia with previous GDM were found to lack a self-perceived high risk of developing T2DM and expressed barriers to weight loss related to their family environment, beliefs about their capabilities and behavioural regulation. IER is appealing for some women with previous GDM; however, views vary. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes risk; gestational diabetes; weight loss barriers; diet strategies; intermittent energy restriction; theoretical domains framework diabetes risk; gestational diabetes; weight loss barriers; diet strategies; intermittent energy restriction; theoretical domains framework
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gray, K.L.; McKellar, L.; O’Reilly, S.L.; Clifton, P.M.; Keogh, J.B. Women’s Barriers to Weight Loss, Perception of Future Diabetes Risk and Opinions of Diet Strategies Following Gestational Diabetes: An Online Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9180. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249180

AMA Style

Gray KL, McKellar L, O’Reilly SL, Clifton PM, Keogh JB. Women’s Barriers to Weight Loss, Perception of Future Diabetes Risk and Opinions of Diet Strategies Following Gestational Diabetes: An Online Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9180. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249180

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gray, Kristy L., Lois McKellar, Sharleen L. O’Reilly, Peter M. Clifton, and Jennifer B. Keogh 2020. "Women’s Barriers to Weight Loss, Perception of Future Diabetes Risk and Opinions of Diet Strategies Following Gestational Diabetes: An Online Survey" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 24: 9180. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249180

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