Next Article in Journal
South Korean Nurses’ Experiences with Patient Care at a COVID-19-Designated Hospital: Growth after the Frontline Battle against an Infectious Disease Pandemic
Previous Article in Journal
The Academic Collaborative Center Older Adults: A Description of Co-Creation between Science, Care Practice and Education with the Aim to Contribute to Person-Centered Care for Older Adults
Article

Acute FeNO and Blood Pressure Responses to Air Pollution Exposure in Young Adults during Physical Activity

1
Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
2
Department of Air Protection, Faculty of Energy and Environmental Engineering, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 9012; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239012
Received: 7 November 2020 / Revised: 27 November 2020 / Accepted: 1 December 2020 / Published: 3 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
During physical exercise, the absorbed dose of air pollutants increases. Acute effects of exposure to air pollutants during exercise in healthy young adults remain poorly documented. The aim of this study was to assess the acute responses in fractionated exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and blood pressure to air pollution exposure during exercise in young adults with different physical activity levels (low or high). In this study, 76 healthy university students participating in physical activity classes (low level of physical activity) and attending sports training (high level of physical activity) completed two indoor exercise trials when air pollutant concentrations were high (exposure trial) and when the quality of the air was good (control trial). We monitored indoor particulate matter with diameter <10 µm and <2.5 µm (PM10 and PM2.5) and outdoor PM10, nitric oxides (NO2, NOx, NO), and sulfur dioxide (SO2) concentrations. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP), heart rate (HR), oxygen saturation (SpO2), and FeNO were measured at baseline and after 45–60 min of physical activity. There were no significant differences between physiological responses to training performed under different exposure conditions in blood pressure, HR, and SpO2. Significant positive correlations between post-exercise ΔFeNO during exposure trials and ambient air pollutants were found. FeNO increase during the exposure trial was associated with a higher physical activity level and higher outdoor PM10 and NO2 concentrations. In young and healthy adults, some differences in physiological responses to physical activity between polluted and control environments could be observed. Participants with a high physical activity level were more likely to have an increase in FeNO after exercise in a polluted environment but not after the control exercise trials. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; air pollution; FeNO; blood pressure; young adults exercise; air pollution; FeNO; blood pressure; young adults
MDPI and ACS Style

Kocot, K.; Barański, K.; Melaniuk-Wolny, E.; Zajusz-Zubek, E.; Kowalska, M. Acute FeNO and Blood Pressure Responses to Air Pollution Exposure in Young Adults during Physical Activity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9012. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239012

AMA Style

Kocot K, Barański K, Melaniuk-Wolny E, Zajusz-Zubek E, Kowalska M. Acute FeNO and Blood Pressure Responses to Air Pollution Exposure in Young Adults during Physical Activity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):9012. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239012

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kocot, Krzysztof, Kamil Barański, Edyta Melaniuk-Wolny, Elwira Zajusz-Zubek, and Małgorzata Kowalska. 2020. "Acute FeNO and Blood Pressure Responses to Air Pollution Exposure in Young Adults during Physical Activity" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 23: 9012. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239012

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop