Next Article in Journal
Exploring the Mechanisms of Influence on COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors in China’s Social Media Users
Next Article in Special Issue
Social Media Activities, Emotion Regulation Strategies, and Their Interactions on People’s Mental Health in COVID-19 Pandemic
Previous Article in Journal
Radon Gas in the City of Alicante. High Risk of Low Indoor Air Quality in Poorly Ventilated Buildings
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Early Impact of the Covid-19 Emergency on Mental Health Workers: A Survey in Lombardy, Italy
Open AccessArticle

Examining the Associations between Psychological Flexibility, Mindfulness, Psychosomatic Functioning, and Anxiety during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Path Analysis

1
The Education of Research and Development Center, Babinski Clinical Hospital, 30-393 Cracow, Poland
2
Department of Psychiatry, Rydygier Specialist Hospital, 31-826 Cracow, Poland
3
Faculty of Philosophy, Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University, 30-060 Cracow, Poland
4
Department of Psychiatry, Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Cracow Academy, 30-705 Cracow, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8764; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238764
Received: 31 October 2020 / Revised: 21 November 2020 / Accepted: 24 November 2020 / Published: 25 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health in the Time of COVID-19)
Social distancing plays a leading role in controlling the spread of coronavirus. However, prolonged lockdown can lead to negative consequences in terms of mental health. The goal of the research is to examine the relationship between anxiety and general psychosomatic functioning during the COVID-19 pandemic; the impact of psychological flexibility and mindfulness is also considered. Variables were measured with self-report questionnaires and symptom checklists. The sample included 170 people (M = 27.79, SD = 8.16). Pearson’s correlation, stepwise regression, and path analysis were conducted. The results showed a significant positive relationship between state anxiety and somatic and psychological responses to the pandemic. Path analysis revealed that mindfulness had a direct negative impact on and decreased the level of state anxiety (b = −0.22, p = 0.002), whereas psychological flexibility influenced the variable indirectly (b = 0.23, p = 0.002) by enhancing psychosomatic functioning (b = −0.64, p < 0.001). Psychological flexibility and mindfulness may mediate the development of mental disorders and facilitate achieving overall wellbeing. The study points to the usefulness of mindfulness practice as a form of self-help with anxiety symptoms; this is crucial during the pandemic because contact with clients is restricted. View Full-Text
Keywords: coronavirus disease (COVID-19); COVID-19-related stress; anxiety; mindfulness; psychological flexibility coronavirus disease (COVID-19); COVID-19-related stress; anxiety; mindfulness; psychological flexibility
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Wielgus, B.; Urban, W.; Patriak, A.; Cichocki, Ł. Examining the Associations between Psychological Flexibility, Mindfulness, Psychosomatic Functioning, and Anxiety during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Path Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8764. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238764

AMA Style

Wielgus B, Urban W, Patriak A, Cichocki Ł. Examining the Associations between Psychological Flexibility, Mindfulness, Psychosomatic Functioning, and Anxiety during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Path Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):8764. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238764

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wielgus, Benita; Urban, Witold; Patriak, Aleksandra; Cichocki, Łukasz. 2020. "Examining the Associations between Psychological Flexibility, Mindfulness, Psychosomatic Functioning, and Anxiety during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Path Analysis" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 23: 8764. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238764

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop