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Open AccessArticle

Effectiveness of Psychological Capital Intervention and Its Influence on Work-Related Attitudes: Daily Online Self-Learning Method and Randomized Controlled Trial Design

Beijing Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, National Demonstration Center for Experimental Psychology Education (Beijing Normal University), Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8754; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238754
Received: 29 September 2020 / Revised: 20 November 2020 / Accepted: 22 November 2020 / Published: 25 November 2020
Research on positive psychology intervention is in its infancy; only a few empirical studies have proved the effectiveness and benefits of psychological capital interventions in workplaces. From a practical perspective, a more convenient intervention approach is needed for when organizations have difficulties in finding qualified trainers. This study aims to extend the psychological capital intervention (PCI) model and examine its influence on work-related attitudes. A daily online self-learning approach and a randomized controlled trial design are utilized. A final sample of 104 full-time employees, recruited online, is randomly divided into three groups to fill in self-report questionnaires immediately before (T1), immediately after (T2), and one week after (T3) the intervention. The results indicate that the intervention is effective at improving psychological capital (PsyCap), increasing job satisfaction, and reducing turnover intention. The practical implications for human resource managers conducting a flexible and low-cost PsyCap intervention in organizations are discussed. Limitations related to sample characteristics, short duration effect, small sample size, and small effect size are also emphasized. Due to these non-negligible drawbacks of the study design, this study should only be considered as a pilot study of daily online self-learning PsyCap intervention research. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychological capital intervention; online self-learning; job satisfaction; turnover intention; job embeddedness; cost-effectiveness psychological capital intervention; online self-learning; job satisfaction; turnover intention; job embeddedness; cost-effectiveness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Da, S.; He, Y.; Zhang, X. Effectiveness of Psychological Capital Intervention and Its Influence on Work-Related Attitudes: Daily Online Self-Learning Method and Randomized Controlled Trial Design. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8754. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238754

AMA Style

Da S, He Y, Zhang X. Effectiveness of Psychological Capital Intervention and Its Influence on Work-Related Attitudes: Daily Online Self-Learning Method and Randomized Controlled Trial Design. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):8754. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238754

Chicago/Turabian Style

Da, Shu; He, Yue; Zhang, Xichao. 2020. "Effectiveness of Psychological Capital Intervention and Its Influence on Work-Related Attitudes: Daily Online Self-Learning Method and Randomized Controlled Trial Design" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 23: 8754. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238754

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