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Article

Health Sciences—Evidence Based Practice Questionnaire (HS-EBP): Normative Data and Differential Profiles in Spanish Osteopathic Professionals

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Balearic Islands Health Research Institute (IdISBa), 07120 Palma, Spain
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Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of the Balearic Islands, 07122 Palma, Spain
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Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, Universidad de Sevilla, 41009 Sevilla, Spain
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Department of Psychology, University of the Balearic Islands, 07122 Palma, Spain
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Escuela de Osteopatía de Madrid, 28002 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(22), 8454; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228454
Received: 16 October 2020 / Revised: 11 November 2020 / Accepted: 13 November 2020 / Published: 15 November 2020
The main goal of this study was to obtain normative data of the scores of the Health-Sciences Evidence Based Practice (HS-EBP) questionnaire, and to analyse evidence-based practice (EBP) among potential clusters of osteopathy professionals in Spain. An online descriptive cross-sectional study has been applied. A total number of 443 Spanish practicing osteopaths answered a survey including the 5 dimensions of the HS-EBP questionnaire and sociodemographic, training, and practice variables using the “LimeSurvey” online platform. Results point out that the median scores for each five HS-EBP questionnaire dimensions were 95.00, 86.00, 78.00, 84.00 and 62.00 considering that the range of possible scores in each of the dimensions was: from 12 to 120 in dimensions 1, 4 and 5; from 14–140 in dimension 2; and from 10–100 in dimension 3. A clustering algorithm extracted 6 different profiles across the five HS-EBP latent dimensions: low scores in all dimensions (cluster 1); low scores in all dimensions but with medium scores in dimension 1 (cluster 2); mixed pattern of scores, low in dimensions 2 and 5 and medium in the rest of the dimensions; medium scores in all dimensions (cluster 4); high scores in all dimensions and low scores in dimension 5 (cluster 5); and high scores in all dimensions (cluster 6). Significant relationship was found among the response patterns in the clusters and: academic degree level, EBP training and training level, and work time invested in healthcare activity, research and teaching activity. These results allow a description of the actual level of EBP and differential profiles of Osteopathy care practice in Spain. Knowledge of normative scores of the HS-EBP questionnaire and identification of different predictors of Spanish osteopaths’ EBP, e.g., academic degree, EBP training and training level, work time invested in healthcare activity, research, and teaching activity, and having a working relationship with an accredited educational centre, enable a comprehensive evaluation of the EBP of osteopathic professionals and can also be useful for developing and implementing formative intervention programs for improving EBP practice in osteopathic practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: clustering procedure; evidence-based practice; Health-Sciences Evidence-Based Practice questionnaire; normative data; osteopathy; professional profiles clustering procedure; evidence-based practice; Health-Sciences Evidence-Based Practice questionnaire; normative data; osteopathy; professional profiles
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fernández-Domínguez, J.C.; Escobio-Prieto, I.; Sesé-Abad, A.; Jiménez-López, R.; Romero-Franco, N.; Oliva-Pascual-Vaca, Á. Health Sciences—Evidence Based Practice Questionnaire (HS-EBP): Normative Data and Differential Profiles in Spanish Osteopathic Professionals. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8454. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228454

AMA Style

Fernández-Domínguez JC, Escobio-Prieto I, Sesé-Abad A, Jiménez-López R, Romero-Franco N, Oliva-Pascual-Vaca Á. Health Sciences—Evidence Based Practice Questionnaire (HS-EBP): Normative Data and Differential Profiles in Spanish Osteopathic Professionals. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(22):8454. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228454

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fernández-Domínguez, Juan C., Isabel Escobio-Prieto, Albert Sesé-Abad, Rafael Jiménez-López, Natalia Romero-Franco, and Ángel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca. 2020. "Health Sciences—Evidence Based Practice Questionnaire (HS-EBP): Normative Data and Differential Profiles in Spanish Osteopathic Professionals" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 22: 8454. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228454

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