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Article

Modification of Pronated Foot Posture after a Program of Therapeutic Exercises

1
Nursing Department, Podiatric Clinic of University of Extremadura CPUEX, 10600 Plasencia, Spain
2
Podiatric Clinic Las Lomas, Avda Salinera 6L-6K, 19005 Guadalajara, Spain
3
Physiotherapy Clinic PAFG, Tenerías 4, 10610 Cabezuela del Valle, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to the study/paper.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(22), 8406; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228406
Received: 28 October 2020 / Revised: 9 November 2020 / Accepted: 10 November 2020 / Published: 13 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Foot Disorders and Its Treatment)
Working on the intrinsic musculature of the foot has been shown to be effective in controlling pronation. However, the potential coadjuvant effect that involving other muscle groups might have on foot posture remains unknown. The aim was, therefore, to assess whether a 9-week intrinsic and extrinsic foot and core muscle strength program influenced foot posture in pronated subjects. The participants were 36 healthy adults with pronated feet that were randomly assigned to two groups. The experimental group (n = 18) performed a strengthening exercise protocol for 9 weeks (two sessions of 40 min per week), while the control group (n = 18) did not do these exercises. After 9 weeks, the foot posture index (FPI) scores of the two groups were analyzed to detect possible changes. The FPI at the baseline was 8.0 ± 1.5. After the 9 weeks, the experimental group showed significantly reduced FPI from 8.1 ± 1.7 to 6.4 ± 2.1 (p = 0.001), while the control group had the same score as pre-intervention (FPI 8 ± 1.2, p = 1.0). The FPI scores showed no significant differences by sex. Strengthening of the intrinsic and extrinsic foot and core muscles contributed to improving foot posture in adults, reducing their FPI by 1.66 points. View Full-Text
Keywords: foot posture; pronated foot; health; therapeutic exercise; foot core; flat foot foot posture; pronated foot; health; therapeutic exercise; foot core; flat foot
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sánchez-Rodríguez, R.; Valle-Estévez, S.; Fraile-García, P.A.; Martínez-Nova, A.; Gómez-Martín, B.; Escamilla-Martínez, E. Modification of Pronated Foot Posture after a Program of Therapeutic Exercises. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8406. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228406

AMA Style

Sánchez-Rodríguez R, Valle-Estévez S, Fraile-García PA, Martínez-Nova A, Gómez-Martín B, Escamilla-Martínez E. Modification of Pronated Foot Posture after a Program of Therapeutic Exercises. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(22):8406. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228406

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sánchez-Rodríguez, Raquel, Sandra Valle-Estévez, Peñas A. Fraile-García, Alfonso Martínez-Nova, Beatriz Gómez-Martín, and Elena Escamilla-Martínez. 2020. "Modification of Pronated Foot Posture after a Program of Therapeutic Exercises" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 22: 8406. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228406

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