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Article

Russia’s National Concept to Reduce Alcohol Abuse and Alcohol-Dependence in the Population 2010–2020: Which Policy Targets Have Been Achieved?

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Institute for Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, TU Dresden, Chemnitzer Str. 46, 01187 Dresden, Germany
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WHO European Office for Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases, Moscow, Leontyevsky Pereulok 9, 125009 Moscow, Russia
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Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), 33Ursula Franklin, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1, Canada
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National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Petroverigskiy Pereulok 10, 101990 Moscow, Russia
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Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), 109004 Moscow, Russia
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Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Dobrolyubov Street 11, 127254 Moscow, Russia
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WHO Office in the Russian Federation, Leontyevsky Pereulok 9, 125009 Moscow, Russia
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Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute, CAMH, 250 College Street, Toronto, ON M5T 1R8, Canada
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Institute of Medical Science (IMS), University of Toronto, Medical Sciences Building, 1 King’s College Circle, Room 2374, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada
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Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, 250 College Street, 8th Floor, Toronto, ON M5T 1R8, Canada
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Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College Street, 6th Floor, Toronto, ON M5T 3M7, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 8270; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218270
Received: 15 September 2020 / Revised: 23 October 2020 / Accepted: 24 October 2020 / Published: 9 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol Control Policy and Health in Europe)
In the 2000s, Russia was globally one of the top 5 countries with the highest levels of alcohol per capita consumption and prevailing risky patterns of drinking, i.e., high intake per occasion, high proportion of people drinking to intoxication, and high frequency of situations where alcohol is consumed and tolerated. In 2009, in response to these challenges, the Russian government formed the Federal Service for Alcohol Market Regulation and published a national strategy concept to reduce alcohol abuse and alcohol-dependence at the population level for the period 2010–2020. The objectives of the present contribution are to analyze the evidence base of the core components of the concept and to provide a comprehensive evaluation framework of measures implemented (process evaluation) and the achievement of the formulated targets (effect evaluation). Most of the concept’s measures were found to be evidence-based and aligned with eight out of 10 areas of the World Health Organization (WHO) policy portfolio. Out of the 14 tasks, 7 were rated as achieved, and 7 as partly achieved. Ten years after the concept’s adoption, alcohol consumption seems to have declined by about a third and alcohol is conceptualized as a broad risk factor for the population’s health in Russia. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol policy; alcohol affordability; alcohol mortality; alcohol use disorders; health behaviors; lifestyle; life expectancy; noncommunicable diseases; prevention; Russia alcohol policy; alcohol affordability; alcohol mortality; alcohol use disorders; health behaviors; lifestyle; life expectancy; noncommunicable diseases; prevention; Russia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Neufeld, M.; Bunova, A.; Gornyi, B.; Ferreira-Borges, C.; Gerber, A.; Khaltourina, D.; Yurasova, E.; Rehm, J. Russia’s National Concept to Reduce Alcohol Abuse and Alcohol-Dependence in the Population 2010–2020: Which Policy Targets Have Been Achieved? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8270. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218270

AMA Style

Neufeld M, Bunova A, Gornyi B, Ferreira-Borges C, Gerber A, Khaltourina D, Yurasova E, Rehm J. Russia’s National Concept to Reduce Alcohol Abuse and Alcohol-Dependence in the Population 2010–2020: Which Policy Targets Have Been Achieved? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):8270. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218270

Chicago/Turabian Style

Neufeld, Maria, Anna Bunova, Boris Gornyi, Carina Ferreira-Borges, Anna Gerber, Daria Khaltourina, Elena Yurasova, and Jürgen Rehm. 2020. "Russia’s National Concept to Reduce Alcohol Abuse and Alcohol-Dependence in the Population 2010–2020: Which Policy Targets Have Been Achieved?" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 21: 8270. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218270

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