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Article

Italian Physical Fitness Decline: A True Fact or a Mindset? A 10-Year Observational Perspective Study

1
Laboratory of Adapted Motor Activity (LAMA), Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
2
Department of Human and Social Science, University of Bergamo, 24100 Bergamo, Italy
3
Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milano, Italy
4
Department of Human Science, University of Verona, 37100 Verona, Italy
5
Department of Neuroscience, Biomedicine, and Movement Science, Università of Verona, 37100 Verona, Italy
6
Department of Physical Education, Gdańsk Academy of Physical Education and Sport, 80-001 Gdańsk, Poland
7
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Tor Vergata, 00100 Rome, Italy
8
Department of Endocrinology, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, IRCCS MultiMedica, 20138 Milano, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 8008; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218008
Received: 1 October 2020 / Revised: 20 October 2020 / Accepted: 27 October 2020 / Published: 30 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Physical Activity and Adolescent Students Health)
Evidence regarding a putative physical fitness decline remains less well documented for Italian children and adolescents. An update review of data collection articles was undertaken concerning motor performances (power, strength, speed-agility and indirect cardiorespiratory fitness) of children and adolescents worldwide and compared with 2859 11–12-year-old Italian students of both sexes, throughout a ten-year observational period. Lower limb explosive strength (standing broad jump), flexibility (sit-and-reach), endurance (Cooper) and speed (SP-30) performances of sixth grade Italian students showed nearly stable trends, with no differences during the observed decade, in both sexes. This 10-year perspective study confirmed that Italian physical fitness levels flatlined rather than actually declined. According to these study data, the decline in physical fitness of the Italian youth is ostensible and needs a further in-depth analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical fitness decline; motor performance; youth performance; motor skills physical fitness decline; motor performance; youth performance; motor skills
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lovecchio, N.; Giuriato, M.; Carnevale Pellino, V.; Valarani, F.; Codella, R.; Vandoni, M. Italian Physical Fitness Decline: A True Fact or a Mindset? A 10-Year Observational Perspective Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8008. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218008

AMA Style

Lovecchio N, Giuriato M, Carnevale Pellino V, Valarani F, Codella R, Vandoni M. Italian Physical Fitness Decline: A True Fact or a Mindset? A 10-Year Observational Perspective Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):8008. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218008

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lovecchio, Nicola, Matteo Giuriato, Vittoria Carnevale Pellino, Francesca Valarani, Roberto Codella, and Matteo Vandoni. 2020. "Italian Physical Fitness Decline: A True Fact or a Mindset? A 10-Year Observational Perspective Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 21: 8008. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218008

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