Next Article in Journal
Childhood Leukemia in Small Geographical Areas and Proximity to Industrial Sources of Air Pollutants in Three Colombian Cities
Next Article in Special Issue
Intersectionality: Social Marginalisation and Self-Reported Health Status in Young People
Previous Article in Journal
Learning Strategies Focused on Decision Making and Collaboration on Physical Education
Previous Article in Special Issue
Exploring the State of Gender-Centered Health Research in the Context of Refugee Resettlement in Canada: A Scoping Review
Review

‘As Long as It Comes off as a Cigarette Ad, Not a Civil Rights Message’: Gender, Inequality and the Commercial Determinants of Health

by 1,*,† and 2,†
1
Global Health Policy Unit, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9LD, UK
2
Menzies Centre for Health Governance, School of Regulation and Global Governance (RegNet), Australian National University, Canberra ACT0200, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Members of the SPECTRUM Consortium (Shaping Public Health Policies to Reduce Inequalities and Harm), UK.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 7902; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217902
Received: 27 September 2020 / Revised: 20 October 2020 / Accepted: 26 October 2020 / Published: 29 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Women, Patriarchy and Health Inequalities: An Unresolved Issue)
Scholarship on the commercial determinants of health (CDoH) has sought to understand the multiple ways corporate policies, practices and products affect population health. At the same time, gender is recognised as a key determinant of health and an important axis of health inequalities. To date, there has been limited attention paid to the ways in which the CDoH engage with and impact on gender inequalities and health. This review seeks to address this gap by examining evidence on the practices and strategies of two industries—tobacco and alcohol—and their interaction with gender, with a particular focus on women. We first describe the practices by which these industries engage with women in their marketing and corporate social responsibility activities, reinforcing problematic gender norms and stereotypes that harm women and girls. We then examine how tobacco and alcohol companies contribute to gender inequalities through a range of strategies intended to protect their market freedoms and privileged position in society. By reinforcing gender inequalities at multiple levels, CDoH undermine the health of women and girls and exacerbate global health inequalities. View Full-Text
Keywords: gender; inequality; commercial determinants of health; social determinants of health; corporate political activity; tobacco industry; alcohol industry gender; inequality; commercial determinants of health; social determinants of health; corporate political activity; tobacco industry; alcohol industry
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Hill, S.E.; Friel, S. ‘As Long as It Comes off as a Cigarette Ad, Not a Civil Rights Message’: Gender, Inequality and the Commercial Determinants of Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7902. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217902

AMA Style

Hill SE, Friel S. ‘As Long as It Comes off as a Cigarette Ad, Not a Civil Rights Message’: Gender, Inequality and the Commercial Determinants of Health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):7902. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217902

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hill, Sarah E., and Sharon Friel. 2020. "‘As Long as It Comes off as a Cigarette Ad, Not a Civil Rights Message’: Gender, Inequality and the Commercial Determinants of Health" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 21: 7902. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217902

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop