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Impact of Physical Activity on Challenging Obesity in Pakistan: A Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) Study

School of Sports Science and Physical Education, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
Research Institute of Educational Science, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
Department of Sociology, School of social and Behavioral Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
School of Physical Education, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 7802;
Received: 8 September 2020 / Revised: 21 October 2020 / Accepted: 22 October 2020 / Published: 25 October 2020
Physical activity (PA) refers to any action produced by skeletal muscle that consumes energy. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), PA is the primary element that can improve health at the community level. Obviously, PA plays an important role in the social, physical, and mental development of men and women, as well as in balancing weight. However, the large-scale negative impacts of physical inactivity on health-related issues are also recognized globally, such as obesity, which is the source of many non-communication diseases (NCDs). In Pakistan alone, 46% of deaths occur due to NCD. The majority of NCD deaths are linked to obesity, and Pakistan is the ninth most obese country in the world. Research on obesity caused by sedentary work in Pakistan is lacking, especially among university employees. To fill this gap, the current study mainly focuses on the rising non-communicable disease (NCD) rates among university employees in Pakistan due to a lack of exercise (obesity, in this case), with the help of a self-designed knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) questionnaire. Five universities in the Sindh province of Pakistan were surveyed (n = 276), following the concept of Yin–Yang as a theoretical lens. The results of the current study show that the knowledge, behaviors, and attitudes of university employees have a great influence on their body mass index (BMI). The study shows that Pakistani residents’ (especially teaching staff) perceptions and attitudes towards obesity and PA have been instructive, but their practices need to be improved. View Full-Text
Keywords: KAP; Pakistan; sedentary work; PA; NCD; obesity; Yin–Yang; BMI KAP; Pakistan; sedentary work; PA; NCD; obesity; Yin–Yang; BMI
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Laar, R.A.; Shi, S.; Ashraf, M.A.; Khan, M.N.; Bibi, J.; Liu, Y. Impact of Physical Activity on Challenging Obesity in Pakistan: A Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7802.

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