Next Article in Journal
Impact of Non-Tailored One-Way Automated Short Messaging Service (OASMS) on Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes: A Retrospective Feasibility Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Immunization Coverage of Inmates in Spanish Prisons
Previous Article in Journal
Use of Yoghurt Enhanced with Volatile Plant Oils Encapsulated in Sodium Alginate to Increase the Human Body’s Immunity in the Present Fight Against Stress
Previous Article in Special Issue
Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing (AST) Reports: A Basis for Environmental/Epidemiological Surveillance and Infection Control Amongst Environmental Vibrio cholerae

Vaccination Coverage among Prisoners: A Systematic Review

Penitentiary Center Alicante II, Carretera N-330, Km. 66, 03400 Villena, Spain
Servicio de Urgencias, Hospital Universitario del Vinalopó-Elche, Calle Tonico Sansano Mora, 03293 Elche, Spain
Department of Pulmonary and Infectious Diseases, University Hospital of Copenhagen, North Zealand Dyrehavevej 29, 3400 Hillerød, Denmark
European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Vaccine Study Group—EVASG, 4010 Basel, Switzerland
Department of Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine and Public Health and History of Science, University of Alicante, San Vicente del Raspeig, 03690 Alicante, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7589;
Received: 30 August 2020 / Revised: 3 October 2020 / Accepted: 14 October 2020 / Published: 19 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Global Infectious Diseases and Surveillance and Control Systems)
Prison inmates are highly susceptible for several infectious diseases, including vaccine-preventable diseases. We conducted a systematic international literature review on vaccination coverage against hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis A virus (HAV), combined HAV/HBV, tetanus-diphtheria, influenza, pneumococcal, and combined measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) in prison inmates, according to the PRISMA guidelines. The electronic databases were used Web of Science, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Cinhal. No language or time limit were applied to the search. We defined vaccination coverage as the proportion of vaccinated prisoners. There were no limitations in the search strategy regarding time period or language. Of 1079 identified studies, 28 studies were included in the review. In total, 21 reported on HBV vaccine coverage (range between 16–82%); three on HAV (range between 91–96%); two studies on combined HAV/HBV (77% in the second dose and 58% in the third); three studies on influenza vaccine (range between 36–46%), one of pneumococcal vaccine coverage (12%), and one on MMR coverage (74%). We found that data on vaccination coverage in prison inmates are scarce, heterogeneous, and do not include all relevant vaccines for this group. Current published literature indicate that prison inmates are under-immunized, particularly against HBV, influenza, MMR, and pneumococci. Strengthen immunization programs specifically for this population at risk and improvement of data record systems may contribute to better health care in prisoners. View Full-Text
Keywords: prisoners; inmates; vaccination coverage; immunization programs prisoners; inmates; vaccination coverage; immunization programs
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Vicente-Alcalde, N.; Ruescas-Escolano, E.; Harboe, Z.B.; Tuells, J. Vaccination Coverage among Prisoners: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7589.

AMA Style

Vicente-Alcalde N, Ruescas-Escolano E, Harboe ZB, Tuells J. Vaccination Coverage among Prisoners: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7589.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vicente-Alcalde, Nancy, Esther Ruescas-Escolano, Zitta Barrella Harboe, and José Tuells. 2020. "Vaccination Coverage among Prisoners: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 20: 7589.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop