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Article

The Influence of Surgical Staff Behavior on Air Quality in a Conventionally Ventilated Operating Theatre during a Simulated Arthroplasty: A Case Study at the University Hospital of Parma

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Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, via Volturno, 39, 43125 Parma, Italy
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Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Florence, via S. Marta 3, 50139 Firenze, Italy
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Freelance Architect, 43126 Parma, Italy
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Hygiene Unit, University Hospital of Parma, Parma, via Gramsci 14, 43126 Parma, Italy
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Clinical Immunology Unit, University Hospital of Parma, Parma, via Gramsci 14, 43126 Parma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 452; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020452
Received: 19 December 2019 / Revised: 7 January 2020 / Accepted: 8 January 2020 / Published: 10 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Outdoor and Indoor Biological Air Quality and Public Health)
Surgical staff behavior in operating theatres is one of the factors associated with indoor air quality and surgical site infection risk. The aim of this study was to apply an approach including microbiological, particle, and microclimate parameters during two simulated surgical hip arthroplasties to evaluate the influence of staff behavior on indoor air quality. During the first hip arthroplasty, the surgical team behaved correctly, but in the second operation, behavioral recommendations were not respected. Microbiological contamination was evaluated by active and passive methods. The air velocity, humidity, temperature, and CO2 concentration were also monitored. The highest levels of microbial and particle contamination, as well as the highest variation in the microclimate parameter, were recorded during the surgical operation where the surgical team behaved “incorrectly”. Turbulent air flow ventilation systems appeared more efficient than in the past and very low air microbial contamination was reached when behavior was correct. Therefore, adherence to behavioral recommendations in operating theatres is essential to not undermine the effectiveness of the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems and employed resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: operating theatre; hip arthroplasty; indoor air quality; biological monitoring; particle counting; microclimatic monitoring; surgical staff behavior operating theatre; hip arthroplasty; indoor air quality; biological monitoring; particle counting; microclimatic monitoring; surgical staff behavior
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pasquarella, C.; Balocco, C.; Colucci, M.E.; Saccani, E.; Paroni, S.; Albertini, L.; Vitali, P.; Albertini, R. The Influence of Surgical Staff Behavior on Air Quality in a Conventionally Ventilated Operating Theatre during a Simulated Arthroplasty: A Case Study at the University Hospital of Parma. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 452. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020452

AMA Style

Pasquarella C, Balocco C, Colucci ME, Saccani E, Paroni S, Albertini L, Vitali P, Albertini R. The Influence of Surgical Staff Behavior on Air Quality in a Conventionally Ventilated Operating Theatre during a Simulated Arthroplasty: A Case Study at the University Hospital of Parma. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(2):452. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020452

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pasquarella, Cesira, Carla Balocco, Maria Eugenia Colucci, Elisa Saccani, Samuel Paroni, Lara Albertini, Pietro Vitali, and Roberto Albertini. 2020. "The Influence of Surgical Staff Behavior on Air Quality in a Conventionally Ventilated Operating Theatre during a Simulated Arthroplasty: A Case Study at the University Hospital of Parma" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 2: 452. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020452

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