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Open AccessArticle

Anxiety, Prenatal Attachment, and Depressive Symptoms in Women with Diabetes in Pregnancy

1
Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Sant’Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, 00189 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Sensory Organs, Suicide Prevention Centre, Sant’Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, 00189 Rome, Italy
3
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
4
Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
5
Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics, Maternal and Child Health (DINOGMI), Section of Psychiatry, University of Genoa, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, 16132 Genoa, Italy
6
Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 425; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020425
Received: 11 December 2019 / Revised: 3 January 2020 / Accepted: 4 January 2020 / Published: 8 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Trends in Health and Disease)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between anxiety, prenatal attachment, and depressive symptoms among women with diabetes in pregnancy. Participants were 131 consecutive pregnant women between the ages of 20 and 45 with a diagnosis of gestational or pregestational type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Data on previous psychiatric symptoms were obtained from the Anamnestic and Social Questionnaire and the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Information on prenatal attachment was collected using The Prenatal Attachment Inventory (PAI), and The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) assessed depressive symptoms in the third trimester of pregnancy (at a mean of 25 weeks). Results demonstrated that in women affected by diabetes in pregnancy, two facets of prenatal attachment (anticipation, interaction) were negatively correlated with depressive symptoms, and a history of anxiety, assessed with the MINI, moderated the relation between the prenatal attachment interaction factor and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes in pregnancy; prenatal attachment; depressive symptoms; anxiety diabetes in pregnancy; prenatal attachment; depressive symptoms; anxiety
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Napoli, A.; Lamis, D.A.; Berardelli, I.; Canzonetta, V.; Sarubbi, S.; Rogante, E.; Napoli, P.-L.; Serafini, G.; Erbuto, D.; Tambelli, R.; Amore, M.; Pompili, M. Anxiety, Prenatal Attachment, and Depressive Symptoms in Women with Diabetes in Pregnancy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 425.

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