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Cybervictimization, Self-Concept, Aggressiveness, and School Anxiety in School Children: A Structural Equations Analysis

1
Faculty of Education, International University of La Rioja, 26006 Logroño, Spain
2
Department of Developmental Psychology and Didactic, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 7000; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197000
Received: 1 September 2020 / Revised: 20 September 2020 / Accepted: 22 September 2020 / Published: 24 September 2020
The rapid increase in cases of cybervictimization amongst children has led researchers to examine the psychoemotional factors related to cyberbullying behavior, in an attempt to prevent and minimize its impact. The objective of this study was to establish and contrast the fit of an explanatory model on cybervictimization based on its relationship with self-concept, aggressiveness, and school anxiety using a structural equations analysis. A total of 542 Spanish students aged 10–12 (M age = 10.97; SD = 0.74) completed a battery of questionnaires. An adjusted structural equations model was obtained (χ2 = 512.23; df = 99; p < 0.001; CFI = 0.928; NFI = 0.91; IFI = 0.928; RMSEA = 0.078). A direct and negative relationship was obtained between cybervictimization and self-concept and between cybervictimization and school anxiety. In addition, a direct and positive relationship was found between aggressiveness and self-concept and between aggressiveness and school anxiety. Indirect relationships were not found between the variables. The study’s findings demonstrate that the variables of self-concept and school anxiety are directly related to cybervictimization and that the improved psychoemotional adjustment of the youngest students may help to prevent the risk of being victimized over the Internet. View Full-Text
Keywords: cybervictimization; self-concept; aggressiveness; school anxiety; Primary Education cybervictimization; self-concept; aggressiveness; school anxiety; Primary Education
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Escortell, R.; Delgado, B.; Martínez-Monteagudo, M.C. Cybervictimization, Self-Concept, Aggressiveness, and School Anxiety in School Children: A Structural Equations Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7000.

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