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Association between Perceived Neighborhood Built Environment and Walking and Cycling for Transport among Inhabitants from Latin America: The ELANS Study

Laboratorio de Ciencias de la Actividad Física, el Deporte y la Salud, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, USACH, Santiago 7500618, Chile
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo 01246-904, Brazil
Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Sergipe—UFS, São Cristóvão 49100-000, Brazil
Carrera de Nutriciόn, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Pontificia Universidad Catόlica Argentina, Buenos Aires C1107 AAZ, Argentina
Departamento de Bioquímica, Escuela de Medicina, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José 11501-2060, Costa Rica
Centro de Nutrición Molecular y Enfermedades Crónicas, Departamento de Nutrición, Diabetes y Metabolismo, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica, Santiago 8330024, Chile
Departamento de Nutrición y Bioquímica, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá 110231, Colombia
Colégio de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito 17-1200-841, Ecuador
Instituto de Investigación Nutricional, Lima 15026, Peru
Centro de Estudios del Desarrollo, Universidad Central de Venezuela (CENDES-UCV)/Fundación Bengoa, Caracas 1053, Venezuela
Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo 04023-062, Brazil
Nutrition, Health and Wellbeing Area, International Life Science Institute (ILSI) Argentina, Santa Fe Av. 1145, CABA C1059ABF, Argentina
Institute for Public Health, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0021, USA
Facultad de Salud, Instituto de Ciencias del Deporte, Escuela de Ciencias del Deporte y la Actividad Fìsica, Universidad Santo Tomas Santiago de Chile, Santiago 5520540, Chile
Center for Research in Neuropsychology and Cognitive and Behavioral Intervention (CINEICC), Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Coimbra, 3000-115 Coimbra, Portugal
CIPER, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, 1499-002 Lisbon, Portugal
ISAMB, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Lisboa, 1649-028 Lisbon, Portugal
Departamento de Pediatria da Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo 04023-061, Brazil
Instituto Pensi, Fundação José Luiz Egydio Setubal, Hospital Infantil Sabará, São Paulo 01227-200, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Membership of the ELANS Study Group is provided in the Acknowledgments section of the manuscript
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6858;
Received: 11 August 2020 / Revised: 4 September 2020 / Accepted: 10 September 2020 / Published: 19 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Active Commuting and Active Transportation)
Purpose: This study aimed to examine the associations of the perceived neighborhood built environment with walking and cycling for transport in inhabitants from Latin American countries. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 9218 participants (15–65 years) from the Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health, which included a nationally representative sample of eight countries. All participants completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Long Form for measure walking and cycling for transport and the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale-Abbreviated. Furthermore, perceived proximity from home to public open spaces and shopping centers was assessed. Results: Perceived land use mix-access (OR: 1.32; 95%CI: 1.16,1.50) and the existence of many alternative routes in the neighbourhood (1.09 1.01,1.17) were associated with higher odds of reporting any walking for transport (≥10 min/week). Perceived slow speed of traffic (1.88 1.82,1.93) and few drivers exceeding the speed limits (1.92; 1.86,1.98) were also related to higher odds of reporting any walking for transport. The odds of reporting any cycling for transport (≥10 min/week) were higher in participants perceiving more walking/cycling facilities (1.87 1.76,1.99), and better aesthetics (1.22 1.09,1.38). Conclusions: Dissimilar perceived neighborhood built environment characteristics were associated with walking and cycling for transport among inhabitants from Latin America. View Full-Text
Keywords: transport physical activity; walking; cycling; neighborhood built environment; Latin America transport physical activity; walking; cycling; neighborhood built environment; Latin America
MDPI and ACS Style

Ferrari, G.; Oliveira Werneck, A.; Rodrigues da Silva, D.; Kovalskys, I.; Gómez, G.; Rigotti, A.; Yadira Cortés Sanabria, L.; García, M.C.Y.; Pareja, R.G.; Herrera-Cuenca, M.; Zimberg, I.Z.; Guajardo, V.; Pratt, M.; Cofre Bolados, C.; Saldía, E.J.; Pires, C.; Marques, A.; Peralta, M.; Rossato de Victo, E.; Fisberg, M.; on behalf of the ELANS Study Group. Association between Perceived Neighborhood Built Environment and Walking and Cycling for Transport among Inhabitants from Latin America: The ELANS Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6858.

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