Next Article in Journal
The Measurement of Goal Orientation in Sport: Psychometric Properties of the Polish Version of the Perception of Success Questionnaire (POSQ)
Next Article in Special Issue
Evaluation of Walking Comfort in Children’s School Travel at Street Scale: A Case Study in Tianjin (China)
Previous Article in Journal
Two-Year Scale-Up of Seasonal Malaria Chemoprevention Reduced Malaria Morbidity among Children in the Health District of Koutiala, Mali
Review

The Association between Green Space and Adolescents’ Mental Well-Being: A Systematic Review

1
School of Nursing, The University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
2
Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6640; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186640
Received: 4 September 2020 / Revised: 8 September 2020 / Accepted: 9 September 2020 / Published: 11 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Designing Cities That Support Healthy Child Development)
This systematic review summarised and evaluated the evidence for associations between green space and adolescents’ mental well-being. The PRISMA statement guidelines were followed for reporting systematic reviews. Fourteen articles met the inclusion criteria for this review. Synthesis suggests beneficial associations between green space exposure and reduced stress, positive mood, less depressive symptoms, better emotional well-being, improved mental health and behaviour, and decreased psychological distress in adolescents. Several studies found the relationship varied by demographic and socio-economic factors. The limited number of studies and the risk of bias were the main limitations, together with heterogeneity regarding green space and mental well-being assessments. Overall, this review highlights the potential contribution of green space in schoolyards. Improving the availability, accessibility and quality of green space is likely to generate positive impacts on adolescents’ mental well-being. More consistent evidence on the use of different types of green space and perceptions of features are needed in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: green space; mental well-being; adolescent; urban planning green space; mental well-being; adolescent; urban planning
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Y.; Mavoa, S.; Zhao, J.; Raphael, D.; Smith, M. The Association between Green Space and Adolescents’ Mental Well-Being: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6640. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186640

AMA Style

Zhang Y, Mavoa S, Zhao J, Raphael D, Smith M. The Association between Green Space and Adolescents’ Mental Well-Being: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6640. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186640

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Yijun, Suzanne Mavoa, Jinfeng Zhao, Deborah Raphael, and Melody Smith. 2020. "The Association between Green Space and Adolescents’ Mental Well-Being: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 18: 6640. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186640

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop