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Resistance Training in Breast Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review of Exercise Programs

1
Escuela Normal Superior of Pitalito, 417037 Pitalito, Colombia
2
Department of Sports Science and Physical Activity, University of Sonora, 83000 Hermosillo, Mexico
3
Sciences Health School, University Isabel I, 09003 Burgos, Spain
4
SALBIS Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad de León, 24071 León, Spain
5
Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), University of Leon, 24071 Leon, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6511; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186511
Received: 7 August 2020 / Revised: 29 August 2020 / Accepted: 2 September 2020 / Published: 7 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Strength Training to Prevent and Treat Disease)
The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics of resistance training (RT) programs for breast cancer survivors (BCS). A systematic review of the literature was performed using PubMed, Medline, Science Direct, the Cochrane Breast Cancer Specialised Register of the Cochrane Library, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), and Scopus, with the aim of identifying all published studies on RT and BCS from 1 January 1990 to 6 December 2019, using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The risk of bias in the studies was assessed using the revised Cochrane Risk of Bias tool (RoB 2.0). Sixteen trials were included for qualitative analysis. More than half of the trials do not adequately report the characteristics that make up the exercise program. The maximal strength was the most frequently monitored manifestation of strength, evaluated mainly as one-repetition maximum (1RM). Resistance training was performed on strength-training machines, twice a week, using a load between 50% and 80% of 1RM. The trials reported significant improvement in muscle strength, fatigue, pain, quality of life, and minor changes in aerobic capacity. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast neoplasms; exercise prescriptions; strength; physical function; quality of life; lymphedema breast neoplasms; exercise prescriptions; strength; physical function; quality of life; lymphedema
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MDPI and ACS Style

Montaño-Rojas, L.S.; Romero-Pérez, E.M.; Medina-Pérez, C.; Reguera-García, M.M.; de Paz, J.A. Resistance Training in Breast Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review of Exercise Programs. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6511. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186511

AMA Style

Montaño-Rojas LS, Romero-Pérez EM, Medina-Pérez C, Reguera-García MM, de Paz JA. Resistance Training in Breast Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review of Exercise Programs. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6511. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186511

Chicago/Turabian Style

Montaño-Rojas, Leidy S., Ena M. Romero-Pérez, Carlos Medina-Pérez, María M. Reguera-García, and José A. de Paz 2020. "Resistance Training in Breast Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review of Exercise Programs" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 18: 6511. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186511

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