Considering the Potential Health Impacts of Electric Scooters: An Analysis of User Reported Behaviors in Provo, Utah
1.1. Background: e-Scooter Share Programs
1.2. Background: e-Scooters and Health
1.2.2. Environment (Air Pollution/Noise Exposure)
1.2.3. Physical Inactivity
1.2.4. Social Exclusion and Community Severance
2.1. Study Context
2.2. Study Design
2.3. Data Analysis
3.1. Motivations for Riding e-Scooters
3.2. Destinations of e-Scooter Riders
3.3. Travel Mode Alternatives if Not Using an e-Scooter
3.4. Awareness of and Compliance with Safety Regulations
3.5. Changes to Enable Safer On-Street (vs. Sidewalk) Riding
Conflicts of Interest
Appendix A—Zagster Rider Survey Questions
- On your last trip, why did you choose to ride a scooter?
- On your last trip, what mode of transportation would you have taken had a scooter not been available?
- On your last trip, where did you ride to?
- On your last trip, where did you ride from?
- On your last trip, where did you primarily ride?
- If you rode on sidewalks, why did you choose to do so?
- Did you know that Provo City Code 9.15.200 prohibits riding on sidewalks? (Don’t worry, we won’t tell on you.)
- What changes would make you want to ride in the street instead of the sidewalk?
- Where should scooters be staged in the morning that they aren’t currently?
- Anything else you’d like to tell us?
- What city do you live in?
- What is your age?
- What is your gender?
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|Age (Years)||Total Frequency (%)||Male||Female|
|Under 18||53 (5%)||33 (4.9%)||19 (4.9%)|
|18–24||601 (56.2%)||357 (53.0%)||242 (62.1%)|
|25–34||212 (19.8%)||141 (20.9%)||71 (18.2%)|
|35–44||114 (10.7%)||83 (12.3%)||29 (7.4%)|
|45–54||62 (5.8%)||40 (5.9%)||22 (5.6%)|
|55–64||24 (2.2%)||17 (2.5%)||7 (1.8%)|
|65+||4 (0.04%)||3 (0.4%)||0 (0.0%)|
|Total participants||1070||674 (63.0%)||390 (37%)|
|Reason||Total Count (%)||Male||Female||College-Age||Non-College-Age|
|To have fun||669 (42.2%)||401 (39.1%)||268 (48.4%)||345 (37.6%)||324 (49.4%)|
|To save time||512 (32.3%)||338 (32.9%)||174 (31.4%)||360 (39.2%)||147 (22.4%)|
|To avoid parking hassles||205 (12.9%)||152 (14.8%)||50 (9.0%)||120 (13.1%)||80 (12.2%)|
|For environmental reasons||86 (5.4%)||57 (5.6%)||26 (4.7%)||34 (3.7%)||48 (7.3%)|
|Other||58 (3.66%)||44 (4.3%)||16 (2.9%)||24 (2.6%)||38 (5.8%)|
|To save money||54 (3.4%)||34 (3.3%)||20 (3.6%)||35 (3.8%)||19 (2.9%)|
|Total||n = 1584||1026||554||918||656|
|Destination||Total Count (%)||Male||Female||College-Age||Non-College-Age|
|Rode for fun||269 (25.3%)||151 (22.4%)||118 (30.3%)||116 (19.4%)||153 (32.9%)|
|Home||213 (20.0%)||138 (20.5%)||75 (19.2%)||141 (23.5%)||72 (15.5%)|
|Dining/shopping||182 (17.1%)||112 (16.6%)||70 (17.9%)||92 (15.4%)||90 (19.4%)|
|Social gathering||170 (16.0%)||107 (15.9%)||63 (16.2%)||104 (17.4%)||66 (14.2%)|
|School||121 (11.4%)||89 (13.2%)||32 (8.2%)||102 (17.0% )||19 (4.1%)|
|Work||84 (7.9%)||58 (12.9%)||26 (6.7)%||33 (5.5%)||51 (11.0%)|
|Public transit stop||25 (2.3%)||19 (2.8%)||6 (1.5%)||11 (1.8%)||14 (3.0%)|
|Total||n = 1064||n = 674||n = 390||599||465|
|Alternative Mode||Total Count (%)||Male||Female||College-Age||Non-College Age|
|Bicycle||41 (4.0%)||34 (5.2%)||7 (1.9%)||17 (2.8%)||24 (5.5%)|
|Not taken trip||113 (10.9%)||50 (7.6%)||63 (16.7%)||52 (8.7%)||61 (14.1%)|
|Personal vehicle||294 (28.5%)||196 (29.9%)||98 (25.9%)||149 (24.9%)||145 (33.4%)|
|Pick up/drop off||32 (3.1%)||22 (3.4%)||10 (2.6%)||11 (1.8%)||21 (4.8%)|
|Public transit||88 (8.5%)||59 (9.0%)||29 (7.7%)||61 (10.2%)||27 (6.2%)|
|Rideshare||9 (0.9%)||4 (0.6%)||5 (1.3%)||4 (0.7%)||5 (1.2%)|
|Walking||449 (43.5%)||284 (43.4%)||165 (43.7%)||302 (50.4%)||147 (33.9%)|
|Other||7 (0.7%)||6 (0.9%)||1 (0.3%)||3 (0.5%)||4 (0.9%)|
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Glenn, J.; Bluth, M.; Christianson, M.; Pressley, J.; Taylor, A.; Macfarlane, G.S.; Chaney, R.A. Considering the Potential Health Impacts of Electric Scooters: An Analysis of User Reported Behaviors in Provo, Utah. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6344. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176344
Glenn J, Bluth M, Christianson M, Pressley J, Taylor A, Macfarlane GS, Chaney RA. Considering the Potential Health Impacts of Electric Scooters: An Analysis of User Reported Behaviors in Provo, Utah. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(17):6344. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176344Chicago/Turabian Style
Glenn, Jeffrey, Madeline Bluth, Mannon Christianson, Jaymie Pressley, Austin Taylor, Gregory S. Macfarlane, and Robert A. Chaney. 2020. "Considering the Potential Health Impacts of Electric Scooters: An Analysis of User Reported Behaviors in Provo, Utah" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 17: 6344. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176344