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Article

Emotional Intelligence and Mental Health in the Family: The Influence of Emotional Intelligence Perceived by Parents and Children

1
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Castilla La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Spain
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Department of Economics and Statistics (DHEP), Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Castilla La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Spain
3
Department of Basic Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Málaga, 29071, Málaga, Spain
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Department of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Castilla La Mancha, 02006 Albacete, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6255; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176255
Received: 29 July 2020 / Revised: 19 August 2020 / Accepted: 21 August 2020 / Published: 27 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social and Family Determinants of Adolescent Adjustment)
Introduction: The relevant scientific literature has confirmed the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and mental health. In addition, previous studies have underlined the importance of perceived EI between family members in the construction of one’s own EI. Adolescence is considered to be a crucial stage in identity construction and a time when mental health is vulnerable. Objectives: To analyze the mediating role of self-reported EI on mental health of adolescents and young adults still living in the family home, we considered the relationship between perceived EI in parents and children. Method: The sample was comprised of 170 children and their respective fathers and mothers living in the same family home. Self-reported EI was evaluated using the Trait Meta-Mood Scale (TMMS-24), whereas perceived EI was evaluated via the Perceived Emotional Intelligence Scale-24 (PTMM-24) and mental health using the MH-5. Results: Parents’ perceived EI of their children also children’s perceived EI of their parents has a direct effect on children’s mental health and an indirect effect through the EI self-reported by children. We discuss the differences in the role of mothers and fathers in emotional education and its influence on the results. Conclusions: We highlight the importance of perceived EI among family members, over and above the self-reported EI of each member, for its predictive power on the mental health of children. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-reported emotional intelligence; perceived emotional intelligence; mental health; family; parents; mothers; children; adolescents self-reported emotional intelligence; perceived emotional intelligence; mental health; family; parents; mothers; children; adolescents
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sánchez-Núñez, M.T.; García-Rubio, N.; Fernández-Berrocal, P.; Latorre, J.M. Emotional Intelligence and Mental Health in the Family: The Influence of Emotional Intelligence Perceived by Parents and Children. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6255. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176255

AMA Style

Sánchez-Núñez MT, García-Rubio N, Fernández-Berrocal P, Latorre JM. Emotional Intelligence and Mental Health in the Family: The Influence of Emotional Intelligence Perceived by Parents and Children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(17):6255. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176255

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sánchez-Núñez, María T., Noelia García-Rubio, Pablo Fernández-Berrocal, and José M. Latorre. 2020. "Emotional Intelligence and Mental Health in the Family: The Influence of Emotional Intelligence Perceived by Parents and Children" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 17: 6255. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176255

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