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Article

Analysis of the Impact of the Confinement Resulting from COVID-19 on the Lifestyle and Psychological Wellbeing of Spanish Pregnant Women: An Internet-Based Cross-Sectional Survey

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Departamento de Fisioterapia, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Cardenal Herrera-CEU, CEU Universities, C/Ramón y Cajal, 20, Alfara del Patriarca, 46115 Valencia, Spain
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Department of Educational Sciences, University of Catania, 95124 Catania, Italy
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Obstetrics and Gynecology Service, Hospital of Manises, 46940 Valencia, Spain
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Obstetrics and Gynecology Service, Hospital of Sagunto, 46500 Valencia, Spain
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Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit, Department of General Surgery and Medical Surgical Specialties, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
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Departamento de Cirugía, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Cardenal Herrera-CEU, CEU Universities, C/Ramón y Cajal, 20, Alfara del Patriarca, 46115 Valencia, Spain
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Departamento de Medicina, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Cardenal Herrera-CEU, CEU Universities, C/Ramón y Cajal, 20, Alfara del Patriarca, 46115 Valencia, Spain
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CIBER of Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition CIBERobn, CB06/03 Carlos III Health Institute, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 5933; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165933
Received: 21 July 2020 / Revised: 11 August 2020 / Accepted: 13 August 2020 / Published: 15 August 2020
(1) Background: This study aimed to analyze the impact of the confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemics on the eating, exercise, and quality-of-life habits of pregnant women. (2) Methods: This was an internet-based cross-sectional survey which collected information about adherence to the Mediterranean diet, physical exercise, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and perceived obstacles (in terms of exercise, preparation for delivery, and medical appointments) of pregnant women before and after the confinement. The survey was conducted in 18–31 May 2020. (3) Results: A total of 90 pregnant women participated in this study. There was a significant decrease in the levels of physical activity (p < 0.01) as well as in HRQoL (p < 0.005). The number of hours spent sitting increased by 50% (p < 0.001), 52.2% were unable to attend delivery preparation sessions because these had been cancelled. However, there were no significant differences in the eating pattern of these women (p = 0.672). Conclusions: These results suggest the need to implement specific online programs to promote exercise and reduce stress, thus improving the HRQoL in this population, should similar confinements need to occur again for any reason in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: pregnancy; COVID-19; quarantine; lifestyle; quality of life pregnancy; COVID-19; quarantine; lifestyle; quality of life
MDPI and ACS Style

Biviá-Roig, G.; La Rosa, V.L.; Gómez-Tébar, M.; Serrano-Raya, L.; Amer-Cuenca, J.J.; Caruso, S.; Commodari, E.; Barrasa-Shaw, A.; Lisón, J.F. Analysis of the Impact of the Confinement Resulting from COVID-19 on the Lifestyle and Psychological Wellbeing of Spanish Pregnant Women: An Internet-Based Cross-Sectional Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5933. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165933

AMA Style

Biviá-Roig G, La Rosa VL, Gómez-Tébar M, Serrano-Raya L, Amer-Cuenca JJ, Caruso S, Commodari E, Barrasa-Shaw A, Lisón JF. Analysis of the Impact of the Confinement Resulting from COVID-19 on the Lifestyle and Psychological Wellbeing of Spanish Pregnant Women: An Internet-Based Cross-Sectional Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(16):5933. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165933

Chicago/Turabian Style

Biviá-Roig, Gemma, Valentina L. La Rosa, María Gómez-Tébar, Lola Serrano-Raya, Juan J. Amer-Cuenca, Salvatore Caruso, Elena Commodari, Antonio Barrasa-Shaw, and Juan F. Lisón 2020. "Analysis of the Impact of the Confinement Resulting from COVID-19 on the Lifestyle and Psychological Wellbeing of Spanish Pregnant Women: An Internet-Based Cross-Sectional Survey" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 16: 5933. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165933

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