Next Article in Journal
Proposal of New Health Risk Assessment Method for Deficient Essential Elements in Drinking Water—Case Study of the Slovak Republic
Previous Article in Journal
The Effects of Number of Fire Dispatches and Other Situational Factors on Voluntary Exercise Training Among Korean Firefighters: A Multilevel Logistic Regression Analysis
Article

Eating Disorders among College Students in France: Characteristics, Help-and Care-Seeking

1
CIC 1404, Rouen University Hospital, U 1073, Normandie Univ., UNIROUEN, F 76000 Rouen, France
2
Department of Nutrition, Rouen University Hospital, U 1073, Normandie Univ., UNIROUEN, F 76000 Rouen, France
3
Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Rouen University Hospital, U 1073, Normandie Univ., UNIROUEN, F 76000 Rouen, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 5914; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165914
Received: 6 July 2020 / Revised: 11 August 2020 / Accepted: 12 August 2020 / Published: 14 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Mental Health)
The aim of this paper was to identify the characteristics of broader categories of eating disorders (ED) and help- and care-seeking among college students. An online cross-sectional study was conducted among students of the University of Rouen-Normandy, France. The Expali-validated algorithmic tool, combining SCOFF test (Sick, Control, One stone, Fat, Food) and body mass index, was used to screen eating disorders into three diagnostic categories: restrictive eating disorders, bulimic eating disorders, and hyperphagic eating disorders. A total of 1493 college students were included; mean age was 20.1 years (SD = 1.9). The prevalence of likely cases of eating disorder was 24.8% (95% CI, 22.6–27.0). Percentage distributions of bulimic eating disorders, hyperphagic eating disorders, and restrictive eating disorders were 13.3%, 8.6%, and 2.9%, respectively. The two main resources for help-seeking in emotional stress situations were friends and family, whatever the ED. Students with eating disorders consulted their general practitioner more often for stress or anxiety than students without eating disorders: hyperphagic eating disorders (44.9%), restrictive eating disorders (35.1%), bulimic eating disorders (30.2%), and no eating disorder (20.4%) (p < 0.0001). The prevalence of healthcare renunciation was 21.9%, with a higher risk among students with bulimic eating disorders (AOR CI 95% 1.91 (1.34–2.72). The findings show one quarter of students screened positive for an eating disorder. Stress management was not necessarily different between students with eating disorders and students without eating disorders, but the former had a greater risk of renouncing treatment, especially related to a fear of seeing a general practitioner. View Full-Text
Keywords: university student; eating disorder; stress; healthcare; general practitioner university student; eating disorder; stress; healthcare; general practitioner
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Tavolacci, M.-P.; Déchelotte, P.; Ladner, J. Eating Disorders among College Students in France: Characteristics, Help-and Care-Seeking. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5914. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165914

AMA Style

Tavolacci M-P, Déchelotte P, Ladner J. Eating Disorders among College Students in France: Characteristics, Help-and Care-Seeking. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(16):5914. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165914

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tavolacci, Marie-Pierre; Déchelotte, Pierre; Ladner, Joel. 2020. "Eating Disorders among College Students in France: Characteristics, Help-and Care-Seeking" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 16: 5914. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165914

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop