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Drought Influences on Food Insecurity in Africa: A Systematic Literature Review

1
Public Management and Leadership Department, Faculty of Humanities, Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth 6031, South Africa
2
Faculty of Business Sciences, Walter Sisulu University, Buffalo City Campus, East London 5247, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 5897; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165897
Received: 26 April 2020 / Revised: 4 June 2020 / Accepted: 9 June 2020 / Published: 14 August 2020
African countries continue to be prone to drought, caused mainly by unfavorable weather patterns and climatic variations which have an adverse impact on rural households and agricultural production. This literature review article accounted for the aforesaid drawbacks and attempted to assess the effect of drought on food insecurity in African countries. This article further sought to dissect the resilience and climate change adaptation strategies applied by African countries to mitigate the adverse effects of drought on food insecurity in rural livelihoods. The hermeneutic framework was adopted in this study, where the secondary data sources were searched from credible bibliographic and multidisciplinary databases and organizational websites. Thereafter, it was classified, mapped, and critically assessed using the qualitative data analysis software NVivo to generate patterns and themes. The NVivo program is a qualitative data analysis software package produced by QSR International and which helps qualitative researchers to organize, analyze, and find insights in qualitative data; for example, in journal articles where multilayered analysis on small or large volumes of data are required. This article has the potential to contribute in theory, concept, policy, and practice regarding best practices, resilience, and climate change adaptation strategies that can be harnessed by rural people. Furthermore, this article has the potential to shed light on the role played by traditional leadership and policy improvements in ensuring there is sufficient food during periods of drought. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change adaptation; drought; food insecurities; hermeneutic framework; resilience; traditional leadership climate change adaptation; drought; food insecurities; hermeneutic framework; resilience; traditional leadership
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ngcamu, B.S.; Chari, F. Drought Influences on Food Insecurity in Africa: A Systematic Literature Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5897.

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