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The Relationship between Maternal Personality Disorder and Early Birth Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1
Perinatal Mental Health Liaison Team, Humber Teaching NHS Foundation Trust, Hull HU2 8TD, UK
2
School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia
3
Hull York Medical School, University of Hull, Hull HU6 7RX, UK
4
Institute for Clinical and Applied Health Research (ICAHR), University of Hull, Hull HU6 7RX, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 5778; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165778
Received: 9 June 2020 / Revised: 16 July 2020 / Accepted: 18 July 2020 / Published: 10 August 2020
(1) Background: Women with personality disorder are at risk of social and emotional problems which impact deleteriously on everyday functioning. Moreover, a personality disorder diagnosis has been established to have an adverse impact upon pregnancy outcomes and child health. Understanding this impact is critical to improving both maternal and child outcomes. This systematic review and meta-analysis will evaluate the contemporary evidence regarding these relationships. (2) Methods: Prospero and Cochrane were searched for any systematic reviews already completed on this topic. Academic Search Premier, CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE, PsycARTICLES, PsycINFO via the EBSCO host, and the Web of Science Core Collection were searched to include research articles published between 1980 and 2019. A total of 158 records were identified; 105 records were screened by reviewing the abstract; 99 records were excluded; 6 full text articles were assessed for eligibility; 5 records were included in the review. (3) Results: All the included studies reported on preterm birth. The meta-analysis indicates significant risk of preterm birth in women with personality disorder (overall odds ratio (OR) 2.62; CI 2.24–3.06; p < 0.01). Three studies reported on low birth weight, with the meta-analysis indicating a raised risk of low birth weight of the babies born to women with personality disorder (overall OR 2.00 CI 1.12–3.57 (p = 0.02)). Three studies reported on appearance, pulse, grimace, activity, and respiration (APGAR) score, with the meta-analysis of OR’s indicating a risk of low APGAR score in women with personality disorder (overall OR 2.31; CI 1.17–4.55; p = 0.02). (4) Conclusions: The infants of women with personality disorder are at elevated risk of preterm birth, low birth weight and low APGAR score. View Full-Text
Keywords: personality disorder; preterm birth; low birth weight; APGAR personality disorder; preterm birth; low birth weight; APGAR
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marshall, C.A.; Jomeen, J.; Huang, C.; Martin, C.R. The Relationship between Maternal Personality Disorder and Early Birth Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5778. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165778

AMA Style

Marshall CA, Jomeen J, Huang C, Martin CR. The Relationship between Maternal Personality Disorder and Early Birth Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(16):5778. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165778

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marshall, Claire A.; Jomeen, Julie; Huang, Chao; Martin, Colin R. 2020. "The Relationship between Maternal Personality Disorder and Early Birth Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 16: 5778. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165778

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