Next Article in Journal
Five Year Trends of Particulate Matter Concentrations in Korean Regions (2015–2019): When to Ventilate?
Next Article in Special Issue
The Effect of a High-Intensity PrO2Fit Inspiratory Muscle Training Intervention on Physiological and Psychological Health in Adults with Bronchiectasis: A Mixed-Methods Study
Previous Article in Journal
Planning for Supportive Green Spaces in the Winter City of China: Linking Exercise of Elderly Residents and Exercise Prescription for Cardiovascular Health
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Mixed Methods Evaluation of a Digital Intervention to Improve Sedentary Behaviour Across Multiple Workplace Settings
Article

Pilot Testing of a Nudge-Based Digital Intervention (Welbot) to Improve Sedentary Behaviour and Wellbeing in the Workplace

Psychological Sciences and Health, Graham Hills Building, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1QX, Scotland, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 5763; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165763
Received: 29 June 2020 / Revised: 26 July 2020 / Accepted: 28 July 2020 / Published: 10 August 2020
Welbot is a nudge-based digital intervention that aims to reduce sedentary behaviour and improve physical and mental wellbeing at work. The purpose of this study was to pilot test the Welbot intervention. Forty-one (6M/35F) University staff (M age = 43-years) participated in this study, which was a single arm repeated measures trial conducted over three weeks of intervention. The primary outcome was sedentary behaviour (measured subjectively and objectively) and secondary outcomes included: mental wellbeing, procrastination, depression, anxiety and stress, and work engagement. A subset of participants (n = 6) wore an ActivPAL to objectively measure activity data, while another subset of participants (n = 6) completed a qualitative semi-structured interview to ascertain experiences of using Welbot. Following the intervention, a Friedman non-parametric test revealed that participants self-reported significantly less time sitting and more time standing and objectively recorded more steps at the week-1 follow-up. A series of paired t-tests exhibited that changes in all secondary outcomes were in the expected direction. However, only improvements in depression, anxiety, and stress were significant. After using Welbot, thematic analysis demonstrated that participants perceived they had a positive behaviour change, increased awareness of unhealthy behaviours at work, and provided suggestions for intervention improvement. Overall, findings provided indications of the potential positive impact Welbot may have on employees’ wellbeing, however, limitations are noted. Recommendations for intervention improvement including personalisation (e.g., individual preferences for nudges and the option to sync Welbot with online calendars) and further research into how users engage with Welbot are provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: sedentary behaviour; wellbeing; mental health; physical activity; digital health; workplace; behaviour change; occupational health; nudge theory sedentary behaviour; wellbeing; mental health; physical activity; digital health; workplace; behaviour change; occupational health; nudge theory
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Haile, C.; Kirk, A.; Cogan, N.; Janssen, X.; Gibson, A.-M.; MacDonald, B. Pilot Testing of a Nudge-Based Digital Intervention (Welbot) to Improve Sedentary Behaviour and Wellbeing in the Workplace. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5763. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165763

AMA Style

Haile C, Kirk A, Cogan N, Janssen X, Gibson A-M, MacDonald B. Pilot Testing of a Nudge-Based Digital Intervention (Welbot) to Improve Sedentary Behaviour and Wellbeing in the Workplace. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(16):5763. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165763

Chicago/Turabian Style

Haile, Caitlin, Alison Kirk, Nicola Cogan, Xanne Janssen, Ann-Marie Gibson, and Bradley MacDonald. 2020. "Pilot Testing of a Nudge-Based Digital Intervention (Welbot) to Improve Sedentary Behaviour and Wellbeing in the Workplace" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 16: 5763. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165763

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop