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Open AccessArticle

Nutritional Status Associated with Molecular Biomarkers, Physiological Indices, and Clinical Severity in Parkinson’s Disease Patients

1
Department of Neurology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung 833, Taiwan
2
Center for Parkinson’s Disease, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung 833, Taiwan
3
Center for Mitochondrial Research and Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung 833, Taiwan
4
Institute of Physical Education, Health and Leisure Studies, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 5727; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165727
Received: 28 June 2020 / Revised: 26 July 2020 / Accepted: 4 August 2020 / Published: 7 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
This study is intended to explore the associations between nutritional status and molecular biomarkers and the clinical severity of Parkinson’s disease (PD), as well as to examine the differences in related factors between PD patients with normal nutrition and those with at risk for malnutrition. A cross-sectional assessment of 82 consecutive outpatients with PD was conducted using the mini nutritional assessment (MNA), Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), and the Hoehn and Yahr scale to determine the nutritional status, the clinical severity of PD, and the stage of the disease. Recordings of blood samples collected after 12 h of overnight fasting were also assessed in terms of serum levels of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), hemoglobin (Hgb), folate, and vitamin B12. All participants were divided into normal nutrition and malnutrition risk groups via the MNA scores to compare the above-mentioned parameters. The results showed that the total MNA score was significantly correlated with some parts of the UPDRS scale (e.g., Sections 1 and 2) and the levels of HbAlc in PD patients and those with risk for malnutrition, with significantly lower weight and body mass index (BMI), and with lower levels of Hgb and HDL. Higher levels of cholesterol were observed in the malnutrition risk group as compared with the normal nutrition group. The findings suggest that the clinical severity of PD is associated with nutritional status. Body weight, BMI, and the levels of Hgb, cholesterol, and HDL could be, at least partially, important biological markers to monitor malnutrition and the progression of the disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: Parkinson’s disease; cholesterol; HbA1c; Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale; mini nutritional assessment; malnutrition Parkinson’s disease; cholesterol; HbA1c; Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale; mini nutritional assessment; malnutrition
MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, T.-K.; Chang, Y.-Y.; Chen, N.-C.; Liou, C.-W.; Lan, M.-Y.; Chen, Y.-F.; Tsai, C.-L. Nutritional Status Associated with Molecular Biomarkers, Physiological Indices, and Clinical Severity in Parkinson’s Disease Patients. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5727.

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