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Open AccessArticle

The Relationship between Health Consciousness and Home-Based Exercise in China during the COVID-19 Pandemic

by Bo Pu 1,2,*, Lu Zhang 1,*, Zhiwei Tang 2 and Yanjun Qiu 3
1
College of Tourism, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611830, China
2
School of Public Affairs and Administration, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, China
3
Department of Strategy and Discipline, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 611756, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 5693; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165693
Received: 7 July 2020 / Revised: 3 August 2020 / Accepted: 4 August 2020 / Published: 6 August 2020
During the COVID-19 pandemic, people have reduced the frequency of going out, and need to engage in health behaviors at home. Home-based exercise has aroused people’s attention. This paper aims to examine the influencing mechanism of health consciousness on home-based exercise during the COVID-19 pandemic. A questionnaire method was used to select 449 Chinese respondents on an online platform; the questionnaire includes a health consciousness scale, health life goal scale, perceived behavioral control scale, and the home-based exercise scale. A T-test was used to conduct differential analysis. The hierarchical regression analysis method was used to examine the relationship between health consciousness and home-based exercise, and the Hayes’ SPSS PROCESS macro was used to test mediating effect. The results show that there are significant differences in home-based exercise with respect to gender, age, and marital status. Health consciousness has a significant positive effect on home-based exercise. Perceived behavioral control acts as the mediator between health consciousness and home-based exercise. Health consciousness can influence home-based exercise through health life goals and perceived behavioral control in turn. This paper takes a home-based exercise survey, and expands the theoretical research of home-based exercise. The findings suggest that people should pay attention to promoting the transformation of health consciousness into home-based exercise. It provides enlightenment for people to adopt health behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: health consciousness; home-based exercise; health life goal; perceived behavioral control; COVID-19 health consciousness; home-based exercise; health life goal; perceived behavioral control; COVID-19
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pu, B.; Zhang, L.; Tang, Z.; Qiu, Y. The Relationship between Health Consciousness and Home-Based Exercise in China during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5693.

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