Impact of Perception of Green Space for Health Promotion on Willingness to Use Parks and Actual Use among Young Urban Residents
College of Forestry and Landscape Architecture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
College of Landscape Architecture and Arts, Northwest A&F University, Xianyang 712100, China
School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 10084, China
School for Environment and Sustainability, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5560; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155560
Received: 7 July 2020 / Revised: 28 July 2020 / Accepted: 31 July 2020 / Published: 1 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
Promoting the use of green space is a fundamental way to improve physical and mental health and to enhance the quality of life of urban residents. In response to increasing demand for green space in cities, the impact of perception of green space for health promotion on willingness to use parks and actual use among young urban residents was investigated in this study. A total of 1135 young residents (ages 18–35) in three cities in China were surveyed by online questionnaire. A group of multiple regression models was constructed to investigate the influencing perception factors of participants’ willingness to use parks and actual use. The results revealed that the young residents’ perception of green space components for health promotion (green space access, types, sizes, plants, water, sensory features, microclimate environments and amenity facilities) had a greater effect on their willingness to use parks and to promote health, while it was less influential with respect to their actual park use behavior (frequency and duration). Among these variables, green space access is a critical concern for willingness to use toward parks. The disparities of perception of green space for health promotion effect on willingness to use a park and actual use provide a better understanding of the psychological factors affecting park use among young residents. The findings also provided some implications for public health policymakers, urban planners and landscape architects in designing parks to encourage visitation by young people.