Next Article in Journal
Imbalances in the Study of the Relationship between Leisure and Self-Esteem: A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Journal
Improving Breastfeeding by Empowering Mothers in Vietnam: A Randomised Controlled Trial of a Mobile App
Open AccessArticle

Parental Opinion about the Low FODMAP Diet in Dietary Treatment of Children with Functional Abdominal Pain

1
Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Food Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Słoneczna 45F, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland
2
Department of Pediatrics, Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Żołnierska 18A, 10-561 Olsztyn, Poland
3
Department of Clinical, Developmental and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Prawocheńskiego 13, 10-447 Olsztyn, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5554; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155554
Received: 1 July 2020 / Revised: 27 July 2020 / Accepted: 29 July 2020 / Published: 31 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Children's Health)
The aim of this study was primarily to evaluate differences between parental opinion about the diet and overall changes in children’s symptoms of functional abdominal pain (FAP) during the low fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAP) diet and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) diet. Secondly, this paper examined the agreement between parental perception of children’s symptoms and children’s self-assessment of symptoms during the diet in both treatment groups. Twenty-seven children with diagnosed functional abdominal pain (FAP) were randomized to one of two group, receiving the low FODMAP diet or the diet based on NICE guidelines. Children reported gastrointestinal symptoms at baseline and during the diet. At the end of the intervention, parents assessed their children’s diet and symptoms changes, using Likert scales. The agreement between parental and children assessments of gastrointestinal symptoms was defined as the percentage of compatible answers. In the low FODMAP group a significantly lower percentage of parents (38%) declared that it was easy to follow the diet, compared to the NICE group (57%), (p = 0.017). A high percentage of parents in both groups reported improvement in all symptoms of children during dietary intervention. A high level of agreement was also observed between parental and children’s self-assessment of abdominal pain intensity and frequency. Our research suggests that in parental opinion the low FODMAP diet is as effective as the diet based on NICE guidelines in children with FAP. However, the low FODMAP diet may seem more difficult to follow, and this may have had an impact on the effectiveness and acceptability of the FODMAP diet by children. View Full-Text
Keywords: functional abdominal pain; pediatric; diet therapy; FODMAP; children; parents functional abdominal pain; pediatric; diet therapy; FODMAP; children; parents
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Boradyn, K.M.; Jarocka-Cyrta, E.; Przybyłowicz, K.E.; Obara-Gołębiowska, M. Parental Opinion about the Low FODMAP Diet in Dietary Treatment of Children with Functional Abdominal Pain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5554.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop