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Social Activities and Health-Related Quality of Life in Rural Older Adults in South Korea: A 4-Year Longitudinal Analysis

1
College of Nursing, Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
2
School of Nursing, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark, NJ 07107, USA
3
College of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
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College of Medicine, Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University, 03722 Seoul, Korea
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Division of Silver Industry, Kangnam University, Gyeonggi-do 16979, Korea
6
Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5553; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155553
Received: 3 July 2020 / Revised: 21 July 2020 / Accepted: 28 July 2020 / Published: 31 July 2020
During later life, inadequate social interactions may be associated with worse quality of life in older adults. Rural older adults are prone to developing unhealthy lifestyles related to social activities, which can lead to a poorer quality of life than that enjoyed by older adults living in urban areas. This study aimed to describe longitudinal changes in social activity participation and health-related quality of life among rural older adults, exploring potential associations with changes to in-person social activity over four years. We used prospective community-based cohort data from the Korean Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (KSHAP) collected between December 2011 and January 2016. The sample included 525 older adults who completed the measure of health-related quality of life. Our results showed a significant change in health-related quality of life according to changes in participation in meeting with friends. Even though an individual’s participation in other social activities did not show significant differences in health-related quality of life, our findings imply that in-person social activities may be an important resource to encourage participation in physical activities and to develop other positive outcomes, such as a sense of belonging or satisfaction with later life, among rural older adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: aging; rural health; quality of life; social participation; longitudinal studies aging; rural health; quality of life; social participation; longitudinal studies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Choi, J.; Yang, K.; Chu, S.H.; Youm, Y.; Kim, H.C.; Park, Y.-R.; Son, Y.-J. Social Activities and Health-Related Quality of Life in Rural Older Adults in South Korea: A 4-Year Longitudinal Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5553. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155553

AMA Style

Choi J, Yang K, Chu SH, Youm Y, Kim HC, Park Y-R, Son Y-J. Social Activities and Health-Related Quality of Life in Rural Older Adults in South Korea: A 4-Year Longitudinal Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(15):5553. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155553

Chicago/Turabian Style

Choi, JiYeon, Kyeongra Yang, Sang H. Chu, Yoosik Youm, Hyeon C. Kim, Yeong-Ran Park, and Youn-Jung Son. 2020. "Social Activities and Health-Related Quality of Life in Rural Older Adults in South Korea: A 4-Year Longitudinal Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 15: 5553. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155553

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