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Open AccessArticle

Short-Term Resistance Training Supported by Whole-Body Cryostimulation Induced a Decrease in Myostatin Concentration and an Increase in Isokinetic Muscle Strength

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Department of Physiology, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Kazimierza Gorskiego 1, 80-336 Gdansk, Poland
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Department of Physical Therapy and Biological Regeneration, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Kazimierza Gorskiego 1, 80-336 Gdansk, Poland
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Department of Sport, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Kazimierza Gorskiego 1, 80-336 Gdansk, Poland
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Department of Physical Education and Lifelong sports, Poznan University of Physical Education, Krolowej Jadwigi 27/39, 61-871 Poznan, Poland
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Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Medical University, Marii Sklodowskiej-Curie 3, 80-001 Gdansk, Poland
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Department of Athletics, Strength and Conditioning, Poznan University of Physical Education, Krolowej Jadwigi 27/39, 61-871 Poznan, Poland
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IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Lab Experimental Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Via Riccardo Galeazzi, 4, 20161 Milano, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5496; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155496
Received: 24 June 2020 / Revised: 28 July 2020 / Accepted: 29 July 2020 / Published: 30 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise and Sport in Stressful Conditions and Environments)
The study aimed to determine whether combining cryostimulation with resistance training would effectively increase muscle strength, and if so, whether this adaptation would be related to changes in circulating levels of exerkines (i.e., mediators of systemic adaptation to exercise). Twenty-five students completed 12 sessions of resistance training, each followed by either cryostimulation (n = 15, 3 min exposure at −110 °C) or passive recovery (n = 10). Prior to and post this intervention, participants performed two eccentric cycling bouts (before and after training). At these points, serum concentrations of muscle damage marker (myoglobin), exerkines (interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 15 (IL-15), irisin, brain-derived neurotrophic factor), hypertrophy-related factors (myostatin, insulin-like growth factor 1), and muscle strength were measured. The applied procedure reduced the physiological burden of the second eccentric cycling bout and myoglobin concentrations only in the group subject to cryostimulation. The same group also exhibited decreased levels of myostatin (from 4.7 ± 1.7 to 3.8 ± 1.8 ng·mL−1, p < 0.05). A significant and large interaction between the group × time was noted in IL-15 concentration (p = 0.01, ηp2=0.27). Training and cryostimulation induced a positive and likely significant improvement of isokinetic muscle strength. Altogether, obtained results support the claim that resistance training combined with cold exposure modified muscle strength through modulation of myostatin and IL-15 concentrations. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptation; growth factors; myokines; irisin; recovery adaptation; growth factors; myokines; irisin; recovery
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jaworska, J.; Rodziewicz-Flis, E.; Kortas, J.; Kozłowska, M.; Micielska, K.; Babińska, A.; Laskowski, R.; Lombardi, G.; Ziemann, E. Short-Term Resistance Training Supported by Whole-Body Cryostimulation Induced a Decrease in Myostatin Concentration and an Increase in Isokinetic Muscle Strength. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5496. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155496

AMA Style

Jaworska J, Rodziewicz-Flis E, Kortas J, Kozłowska M, Micielska K, Babińska A, Laskowski R, Lombardi G, Ziemann E. Short-Term Resistance Training Supported by Whole-Body Cryostimulation Induced a Decrease in Myostatin Concentration and an Increase in Isokinetic Muscle Strength. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(15):5496. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155496

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jaworska, Joanna; Rodziewicz-Flis, Ewa; Kortas, Jakub; Kozłowska, Marta; Micielska, Katarzyna; Babińska, Anna; Laskowski, Radosław; Lombardi, Giovanni; Ziemann, Ewa. 2020. "Short-Term Resistance Training Supported by Whole-Body Cryostimulation Induced a Decrease in Myostatin Concentration and an Increase in Isokinetic Muscle Strength" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 15: 5496. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155496

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