Next Article in Journal
Effects of a Gluteal Muscles Specific Exercise Program on the Vertical Jump
Next Article in Special Issue
Supporting Students with Neurodevelopment Disorders in School Health Care—School Nurses’ Experiences
Previous Article in Journal
Compliance to Recommendations and Mental Health Consequences among Elderly in Sweden during the Initial Phase of the COVID-19 Pandemic—A Cross Sectional Online Survey
Previous Article in Special Issue
Associations between the Chronotypes and Eating Habits of Hong Kong School-Aged Children
Erratum published on 19 March 2021, see Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 3163.
Article

Effects of an Unstructured Free Play and Mindfulness Intervention on Wellbeing in Kindergarten Students

1
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Callaghan 2308, Australia
2
College of Health and Human Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80526, USA
3
School of Nursing, Tung Wah College, Hong Kong, China
4
Department of Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
5
School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
6
Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China
7
University of Newcastle, Callaghan 2308, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5382; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155382
Received: 1 July 2020 / Revised: 22 July 2020 / Accepted: 24 July 2020 / Published: 26 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Child and Adolescent Health Care)
Play is known as the core occupation of young children as it lays a foundation for their early development and physical, emotional and social wellbeing. Literature suggests that unstructured free play and mindfulness interventions may independently promote wellbeing among preschoolers. However, there is no clear evidence of their combination in supporting wellness in early learning environments. We conducted a quasi-experimental study with 42 children aged four to six years, attending two kindergartens in Hong Kong. The intervention included unstructured play with non-directional loose parts (play materials), conducted outdoors for one hour daily followed by a mindfulness intervention for 10 min per day indoors. The intervention lasted for five consecutive days. We examined happiness and aspects of playfulness before and after the intervention, finding a significant increase in all areas. Given greater freedom in play choice, children showed more disruptive behaviors during unstructured play than the control group engaging in recess as usual. We conclude that unstructured play in addition to mindfulness intervention is effective in promoting students’ happiness and playfulness, both of which may help maintain mental health and wellbeing amid stressors such as transition and separation. The increased disruptive behavior requires additional investigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: preschool; kindergarten; unstructured play; loose parts play; mindfulness; physical; social and emotional wellbeing preschool; kindergarten; unstructured play; loose parts play; mindfulness; physical; social and emotional wellbeing
MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, R.L.T.; Lane, S.J.; Tang, A.C.Y.; Leung, C.; Kwok, S.W.H.; Louie, L.H.T.; Browne, G.; Chan, S.W.C. Effects of an Unstructured Free Play and Mindfulness Intervention on Wellbeing in Kindergarten Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5382. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155382

AMA Style

Lee RLT, Lane SJ, Tang ACY, Leung C, Kwok SWH, Louie LHT, Browne G, Chan SWC. Effects of an Unstructured Free Play and Mindfulness Intervention on Wellbeing in Kindergarten Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(15):5382. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155382

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Regina L.T.; Lane, Shelly J.; Tang, Anson C.Y.; Leung, Cynthia; Kwok, Stephen W.H.; Louie, Lobo H.T.; Browne, Graeme; Chan, Sally W.C. 2020. "Effects of an Unstructured Free Play and Mindfulness Intervention on Wellbeing in Kindergarten Students" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 15: 5382. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155382

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop